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Draconid Meteor Shower

The 2017 Draconid meteor shower is expected to reach its peak on October 8.

Illustration image

Draconids are also known as Giacobinids.

The Draconid Meteor Shower is also known as Giacobinids.

©iStockphoto.com/Clint Spencer

The best time to see the shooting stars from this meteor shower is right before nightfall.

2 Meteor Showers in October

The Draconid meteor shower, also sometimes known as the Giacobinids, is one of the 2 meteor showers to annually grace the skies in October.

The Draconids owe their name to the constellation Draco the Dragon, and are created when the Earth passes through the dust debris left by comet 21 P/ Giacobini-Zinner. The comet takes about 6.6 years to make a single revolution around the Sun.

Although the Draconids have been responsible for some of the most spectacular meteor showers in recorded history, most recently in 2011, most astronomers and sky gazers consider these to be one of the least interesting meteor showers in during the year.

The Orionids is the second meteor shower in October. It usually peaks around October 21.

Location in the Sky

The Draconids meteor shower is not visible at this time of year. The best date is around Oct 8, 2017; the table below is for that date:
Draconids meteor shower for Washington DC (Night between Oct 8 and Oct 9)
TimeAzimuth/DirectionAltitude
Sun 8:00 pm313°Northwest59.9°
Sun 9:00 pm311°Northwest51.1°
Sun 10:00 pm312°Northwest42.3°
Sun 11:00 pm315°Northwest33.9°
Mon 12:00 midnight320°Northwest25.9°
Mon 1:00 am325°Northwest18.8°
Mon 2:00 am332°North-northwest12.8°
Mon 3:00 am340°North-northwest8.0°
Mon 4:00 am348°North-northwest4.8°
Mon 5:00 am357°North3.3°
Mon 6:00 amNorth3.5°
Note: times are for Oct 8, 2017.
Set your location

Where Can I See the Draconids?

Viewers in Northern America, Europe and Asia are the best situated to enjoy the Draconids. Those closer to the Equator in the Southern Hemisphere can also sometimes see few meteors from the Draconids.

While it is not necessary to look in a particular direction to enjoy a meteor shower, astronomers suggest locating the Draco the Dragon's 2 brightest stars, Eltanin and Rastaban. The meteor shower seems to emerge from the dragon’s head.

When to View the Draconids

Unlike other meteor showers, the best time to view the Draconids is just after the Sun sets and right before nightfall. This is because, the Draconids’ radiant point - the point in the sky where the meteor shower seems to come from - is highest in the sky during dusk. The shower peaks around October 7 and 8 every year.

How to View the Draconids

There isn’t a lot of skill involved in watching a meteor shower. Here are some tips on how to maximize your time looking for the Draconids:

  • Get out of the city to a place where city and artificial lights do not impede your viewing
  • If you are out viewing the shower during its peak, you will not need any special equipment. You should be able to see the shower with your naked eyes.
  • Carry a blanket or a comfortable chair with you - viewing meteors, just like any other kind of star gazing is a waiting game, and you need to be comfortable. Plus, you may not want to leave until you can’t see the majestic celestial fireworks anymore.
  • Check the weatherand moonrise and moonset timingsfor your location before you leave, and plan your viewing around it.

Topics: Astronomy, Meteors, October, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere

In This Article

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Meteor Showers Library

  1. October 2016: Orionids
  2. November 2016: Leonids
  3. December 2016: Geminids
  4. December 2016: Ursids
  5. January 2017: Quadrantids
  6. April 2017: Lyrids
  7. May 2017: Eta Aquarids
  8. August 2017: Perseids
  9. October 2017: Draconids

What is a Meteor Shower?

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