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Australia Day in Australia

Australia Day is on January 26 and commemorates the establishment of the first European settlement at Port Jackson, now part of Sydney, in 1788.

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What Do People Do?

Many people have a day off work and use the day among other things to barbecue, go to outdoor concerts, and to play or watch sports events.

Different places in Australia celebrate the day differently. For example, Sydney has boat races including a ferry race and the tall ships race, while Adelaide celebrates with a parade, concert, fireworks, and a cricket match.

Australian citizenship ceremonies are often held on Australia Day. These are ceremonies to welcome immigrants who have been granted citizenship to the country. Although official, these ceremonies often have a festive atmosphere.

Public Life

Australia Day is a public holiday in all states and territories. All schools and post offices are closed. Some public transport services do not operate, and others run a reduced service. Stores are often open, but may have reduced opening hours. There may be some congestion on roads, particularly close to major events.

Background

January 26 marks the landing of Captain Arthur Phillip at Port Jackson in 1788. The landing is known as the First Fleet and had 11 ships with convicts. The arrival of the First Fleet represents the founding of the colony New South Wales.

In 1818, on the 30th anniversary of the founding of the colony, the Governor of New South Wales gave all government employees a holiday. He also celebrated the day with a 30-gun salute and a ball. In the following years, employees of banks and other organizations were also given holidays.

Initially, it was only New South Wales that celebrated the day, and it was known as First Landing Day or Foundation Day. In 1838, 50 years after the First Fleet arrived, Foundation Day was declared Australia's first public holiday in New South Wales.

By 1935, January 26 was known as Australia Day in all states except New South Wales, where it was still called Anniversary Day. From 1946, January 26 was called Australia Day in all states and territories, and since 1994, the Australia Day public holiday has been on January 26 throughout the country.

Because it marks the day of colonization, Aboriginal Australians often feel that the celebrations on Australia Day exclude them. The day has been renamed Invasion Day, and protests do appear side-by-side the celebrations.

In recent years, efforts have been made to make the holiday include all Australians, and in 2013, the Australian flag and Aboriginal flag were raised on the Sydney Harbour Bridge for the first time on Australia Day.

Symbols

The symbols of Australia are commonly used on Australia Day: The Australian national flag, with its representations of the Union Jack, the Commonwealth Star, and the five stars of the Southern Cross. The national anthem, Advance Australia Fair, is played, but also Australia’s unofficial anthem, Waltzing Matilda, is a common song to be heard.

Other symbols include the Golden Wattle, which is the national floral emblem, the opal, which is the national gemstone, and the national colors of green and gold.

Australia Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday TypeWhere It is Observed
TueJan 262010Australia DayNational Holiday 
WedJan 262011Australia DayNational Holiday 
ThuJan 262012Australia DayNational Holiday 
SatJan 262013Australia DayNational Holiday 
MonJan 282013Australia Day observedNational Holiday 
SunJan 262014Australia DayNational Holiday 
MonJan 272014Australia Day observedNational Holiday 
MonJan 262015Australia DayNational Holiday 
TueJan 262016Australia DayNational Holiday 
ThuJan 262017Australia DayNational Holiday 
FriJan 262018Australia DayNational Holiday 
SatJan 262019Australia DayNational Holiday 
MonJan 282019Australia Day observedNational Holiday 
SunJan 262020Australia DayNational Holiday 
MonJan 272020Australia Day observedNational Holiday 

Quick Facts

Australia Day is a day of celebrations for Australians. It is celebrated on January 26 each year.

Australia Day 2016

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Australia Day 2017

Thursday, January 26, 2017

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Name in other languages

NameLanguage
Australia DayEnglish
Australia DayGerman

List of dates for other years

Other holidays in January 2017 in Australia

World Holiday on January 26, 2017

Fun Holiday on January 26, 2017

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