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Tisha B'Av in Australia

Quick Facts

Tisha B’Av is on the ninth day of the month of Av in the Jewish calendar.

Local names

NameLanguage
Tisha B'AvEnglish
Tischa beAvGerman

Tisha B'Av 2014

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Tisha B'Av 2015

Sunday, July 26, 2015
Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
List of dates for other years

Many Jewish people in Australia observe Tisha B’Av on the ninth day of the month of Av, as observed in the Jewish calendar. It is a day of mourning to remember events such as the destruction of the First Temple and Second Temple in Jerusalem.

When Tisha B’Av falls on Shabbat (Saturday), it is deferred to Sunday, 10th of Av.

Yad and torah

Torah study is forbidden on Tisha B'Av except for sad texts such as the Book of Lamentations.

©iStockphoto.com/Howard Sandler

What do people do?

Tisha B’Av is a sad day for many Jewish Australians. It reminds them of the oppression and violence that caused suffering among Jewish people throughout history. There are five activities that are forbidden on Tisha B’Av:

Fasting is an important part of Tisha B’Av. Fasting starts at sunset on the night before of Tisha B’Av and ends when night falls. Those who are sick are usually exempt from fasting during Tisha B’Av. Some Jewish Australians do not fast if Tisha B’Av is a Shabbat (resting day). They fast on the next day instead.

Many traditional mourning practices are observed, such as prayers and refraining from smiling, laughing, or wearing new clothing. Torah study is generally thought to bring joy. Therefore those who observe Tisha B’Av are allowed to study only certain portions of the Torah on Tisha B'Av.  

The book of Lamentations is read during the evening services at many synagogues. A single light is lit at the pulpit of the synagogue and the parochet (curtain) is removed from the ark during an evening service on Tisha B’Av. However, it is customary to extinguish all synagogue lights and to only light one small lamp in many Sephardi Jewish communities. The ark (cabinet where the Torah is kept) is draped in black.

Public life

Tisha B’Av is not a public holiday in Australia. However, some Jewish organizations may be closed or have restricted opening hours.

Background

Tisha B’Av, also known as the Jewish Fast of Av, is a period of fasting, lamentation and prayer to remember the destruction of the First and Second Temples of Jerusalem. The Jewish people still continued the fast day even after they rebuilt the First Temple after the Babylonians destroyed it in 586 BCE. The Romans destroyed the Second Temple by burning it in 70 CE and this marked the start of a long exile period for Jewish people. These are two of five sad events or calamities that occurred on the ninth day of the month of Av. The other three were when:

Tisha B’Av is a sad day that observes other major disasters and tragedies that Jewish people experienced throughout history, including the expulsion of the Jewish people from England in 1290 and from Spain in 1492, as well as the mass deportation of Jewish people from the Warsaw Ghetto during World War II.

Tisha B’Av begins at sunset on the previous day and lasts for more than 24 hours. It is the culmination of a three-week period of mourning. Weddings and other parties are generally not permitted and people refrain from cutting their hair during this period. It is customary to refrain from activities such as eating meat or drinking wine (except on the Shabbat) from the first to the ninth day of Av.

About Tisha B'Av in other countries

Read more about Tisha B'Av.

Tisha B'Av Observances

Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
TueJul 311990Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunJul 211991Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunAug 91992Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueJul 271993Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunJul 171994Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunAug 61995Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
ThuJul 251996Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueAug 121997Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunAug 21998Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
ThuJul 221999Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
ThuAug 102000Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunJul 292001Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
ThuJul 182002Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
ThuAug 72003Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueJul 272004Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunAug 142005Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
ThuAug 32006Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueJul 242007Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunAug 102008Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
ThuJul 302009Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueJul 202010Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueAug 92011Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunJul 292012Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueJul 162013Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueAug 52014Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunJul 262015Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunAug 142016Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
TueAug 12017Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunJul 222018Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
SunAug 112019Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
ThuJul 302020Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 

Other holidays in August 2014 in Australia

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