Purim in Canada

Quick Facts

Purim commemorates a time when Jewish people were saved from death around the fourth century BCE, according to the Book of Esther.

Local names

NameLanguage
PurimEnglish
PourimFrench
PurimGerman

Purim 2014

Sunday, March 16, 2014

Purim 2015

Thursday, March 5, 2015
Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
List of dates for other years

Purim marks the Jewish people’s deliverance from a royal death decree around the fourth century BCE, as told in the Book of Esther. Esther was a queen who helped stop plans to kill Jewish people.

Many Jewish people in Canada celebrate Purim on the 14th day of the month of Adar in the Jewish calendar, which is in February or March in the Gregorian calendar. According to many sources, the celebrations begin at around sunset on the 13th day of Adar, while other sources mention that Purim is observed on the 15th day of Adar.

Jewish Holiday Gift

Gift giving is a popular actitivity among Jewish Canadians during Purim.

©iStockphoto.com/Howard Sandler

What do people do?

Purim is a Jewish festival that celebrates survival in a foreign land or in exile. Many Jewish Canadians, especially children, listen to the Megilla (or Megillah). When the story of Esther is read out loud, graggers (or groggers), which are Purim noisemakers, are used to drown out the name of the villain in the story.  This man, named Haman, planned to kill the Jewish people in ancient Persia.  Queen Esther worked together with her cousin Mordecai to stop Haman’s plans.

Purim is a happy holiday in the Jewish calendar and is associated with costumes, hilarity, food, and fun. Many Jewish Canadians remember the dangers that their ancestors faced in exile and they celebrate the miracle of their existence every Purim. Purim gift baskets are exchanged on this occasion. These baskets are often filled with hamantashen, different types of candy, or cookies. Hamantaschen is a Purim cookie named for the three-cornered hat that Haman wore – popular/favorite. Many Jewish people also donate to charity around this time of the year.

Public life

Purim is not a public holiday in Canada so public offices, schools, many businesses, and transport systems remain open or operational.

Background

According to the Royal Ontario Museum, about 196,000 Jewish immigrants came to Canada between 1880 and 1930. The founders of the Toronto and Montreal Jewish communities came from other parts of the British empire prior to this immigration period. The first Jewish immigrants arrived after the British empire possessed New France following the 1763 Paris Treaty that ended the Seven Years’ War.

Canada’s first synagogue was built in 1768. Purim has been celebrated in Canada since the nation’s first Jewish congregation was established in Montreal. Even though the story of Esther is old, the moral of this story is still very significant.  One of the hallmarks of this Jewish holiday is that Purim is not rooted in the land of Israel, but in the Diaspora experience – the experience of Jewish people living outside of Israel.

Note: Timeanddate.com wishes to thank the Ontario Royal Museum for background information about Purim and Jewish Canadians.

About Purim in other countries

Read more about Purim.

Purim Observances

Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
SunMar 111990PurimJewish holiday 
ThuFeb 281991PurimJewish holiday 
ThuMar 191992PurimJewish holiday 
SunMar 71993PurimJewish holiday 
FriFeb 251994PurimJewish holiday 
ThuMar 161995PurimJewish holiday 
TueMar 51996PurimJewish holiday 
SunMar 231997PurimJewish holiday 
ThuMar 121998PurimJewish holiday 
TueMar 21999PurimJewish holiday 
TueMar 212000PurimJewish holiday 
FriMar 92001PurimJewish holiday 
TueFeb 262002PurimJewish holiday 
TueMar 182003PurimJewish holiday 
SunMar 72004PurimJewish holiday 
FriMar 252005PurimJewish holiday 
TueMar 142006PurimJewish holiday 
SunMar 42007PurimJewish holiday 
FriMar 212008PurimJewish holiday 
TueMar 102009PurimJewish holiday 
SunFeb 282010PurimJewish holiday 
SunMar 202011PurimJewish holiday 
ThuMar 82012PurimJewish holiday 
SunFeb 242013PurimJewish holiday 
SunMar 162014PurimJewish holiday 
ThuMar 52015PurimJewish holiday 
ThuMar 242016PurimJewish holiday 
SunMar 122017PurimJewish holiday 
ThuMar 12018PurimJewish holiday 
ThuMar 212019PurimJewish holiday 
TueMar 102020PurimJewish holiday 

Other holidays in March 2014 in Canada

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