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Christmas Day in Germany

Christmas Day is a public holiday in Germany on December 25. Many people spend the day with their family. Large meals with traditional foods are served and Christmas decorations are displayed. German Christmas decorations include nutcrackers, Christmas pyramids, and cribs.

Special sweet snacks are popular during the Christmas season.
Special sweet snacks are popular during the Christmas season.

What do people do?

People generally spend Christmas Day with family members or close friends. Some attend church services and many sing traditional Christmas carols. A large meal is traditionally eaten in the afternoon or early evening. Typical dishes include:

  • Roast goose or duck stuffed with apples, chestnuts, onions or prunes.
  • Red cabbage with onions and apple.
  • Boiled potatoes.
  • Dumplings.

People also eat turkey, beef, venison or wild boar in some parts of Germany.

Public life

Christmas Day is a public holiday in Germany. Post offices, banks, stores and businesses are closed. However, stores in some tourist areas may be open and stores at railway stations, airports and along highways are usually open.

There are some restrictions on selling alcohol, public performances and dancing. Public transport services may run as usual, at a reduced service or no service depending on where one lives or intends to travel.


Traditional Christmas decorations include:

  • Christmas trees.
  • Small candles or electric lights.
  • Wooden nutcrackers.
  • Incense burners in various shapes.
  • Cribs with figures representing Mary, Joseph, Jesus, the shepherds and the three wise men.
  • Gingerbread houses decorated with sweets.
  • Christmas pyramids (three-dimensional scenes that are turned by a fan driven by candle heat).

Schwibbogen (decorative arc-shaped candle holders) are displayed in the Ore Mountains in Saxony. Each candle holder is made of a single piece of wood or metal and holds more candles on top of an arc. The arc is filled with figures to create a scene. Some scenes represent aspects of the Christmas story, while others display local traditions or events.

Sweet snacks are popular at Christmas. Traditional treats include: Plätzchen (flat biscuits covered in sugar frosting); Lebkuchen (gingerbread); Pfeffernüsse (gingerbread covered in sugar frosting and small candies); Stollen (a rich bread filled with dried fruit and a marzipan roll); and Spekulatius (small cookies flavored with cinnamon, nutmeg and other spices).

About Christmas Day in other countries

Read more about Christmas Day.

Christmas Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
TueDec 251990Christmas DayNational holiday 
WedDec 251991Christmas DayNational holiday 
FriDec 251992Christmas DayNational holiday 
SatDec 251993Christmas DayNational holiday 
SunDec 251994Christmas DayNational holiday 
MonDec 251995Christmas DayNational holiday 
WedDec 251996Christmas DayNational holiday 
ThuDec 251997Christmas DayNational holiday 
FriDec 251998Christmas DayNational holiday 
SatDec 251999Christmas DayNational holiday 
MonDec 252000Christmas DayNational holiday 
TueDec 252001Christmas DayNational holiday 
WedDec 252002Christmas DayNational holiday 
ThuDec 252003Christmas DayNational holiday 
SatDec 252004Christmas DayNational holiday 
SunDec 252005Christmas DayNational holiday 
MonDec 252006Christmas DayNational holiday 
TueDec 252007Christmas DayNational holiday 
ThuDec 252008Christmas DayNational holiday 
FriDec 252009Christmas DayNational holiday 
SatDec 252010Christmas DayNational holiday 
SunDec 252011Christmas DayNational holiday 
TueDec 252012Christmas DayNational holiday 
WedDec 252013Christmas DayNational holiday 
ThuDec 252014Christmas DayNational holiday 
FriDec 252015Christmas DayNational holiday 
SunDec 252016Christmas DayNational holiday 
MonDec 252017Christmas DayNational holiday 
TueDec 252018Christmas DayNational holiday 
WedDec 252019Christmas DayNational holiday 
FriDec 252020Christmas DayNational holiday 

Quick Facts

Christmas Day marks the birth of Jesus Christ and is a public holiday in Germany. It is on December 25 each year.

Christmas Day 2015

Friday, December 25, 2015

Christmas Day 2016

Sunday, December 25, 2016


Name in other languages

Christmas DayEnglish
List of dates for other years

Related holidays

Other holidays in December 2015 in Germany

Other calendars

Related links