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New Year's Day in Germany

Quick Facts

New Year's Day, which is on January 1, or the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, is a public holiday in Germany.

Local names

NameLanguage
NeujahrstagGerman
New Year's DayEnglish

New Year's Day 2014

Wednesday, January 1, 2014

New Year's Day 2015

Thursday, January 1, 2015
List of dates for other years

New Year's Day (Neujahr, Neujahrstag) is a public holiday in Germany. It is on January 1, also known as the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. Many people begin the New Year at midnight between December 31 and January 1 with sparkling wine and fireworks.

Firework celebrations occur on New Year's Day in many parts of Germany.

©iStockphoto.com/Andrew Chambers

What do people do?

Many people begin January 1 by celebrating the end of the old year and the start of the new one at midnight. These celebrations include public concerts, parties and fireworks and may last into the early hours of January 1. Many people spend the rest of the day quietly, but some organize a communal lunch or evening meal with friends or family.

In some regions, local media compete to find and publish a photograph of the first baby born in the New Year. Classical orchestras may present a special music program known as a New Year's Concert in the afternoon or evening. Germany's Chancellor makes a televised New Year's speech.

Public life

New Year's Day is a public holiday in Germany. Post offices, banks, stores and other businesses are closed. However, some tourist stores may be open and stores at railway stations, airports and along highways are usually open. There are some restrictions selling alcohol, public performances and dancing. Public transport service schedules vary depending on where one lives or where they want to travel.

Background

There have been winter celebrations in Europe for thousands of years. The origins of these celebrations lie in pre-Christian beliefs about the need to entice the sun back to the earth during the long winters in the northern hemisphere. However, January 1 has not always been the first day of the New Year. Until around 153 BCE, the ancient Roman New Year was celebrated on March 1 in the area that is now Germany.

From 153 BCE and in the Roman empire, New Year's Day was on January 1. However, in some parts of Germany, March 25 was observed as New Year's Day until the 13th century or even the 16th century. January 1 was widely accepted as New Year's Day after this period.

About New Year's Day in other countries

Read more about New Year's Day.

New Year's Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
MonJan 11990New Year's DayNational holiday 
TueJan 11991New Year's DayNational holiday 
WedJan 11992New Year's DayNational holiday 
FriJan 11993New Year's DayNational holiday 
SatJan 11994New Year's DayNational holiday 
SunJan 11995New Year's DayNational holiday 
MonJan 11996New Year's DayNational holiday 
WedJan 11997New Year's DayNational holiday 
ThuJan 11998New Year's DayNational holiday 
FriJan 11999New Year's DayNational holiday 
SatJan 12000New Year's DayNational holiday 
MonJan 12001New Year's DayNational holiday 
TueJan 12002New Year's DayNational holiday 
WedJan 12003New Year's DayNational holiday 
ThuJan 12004New Year's DayNational holiday 
SatJan 12005New Year's DayNational holiday 
SunJan 12006New Year's DayNational holiday 
MonJan 12007New Year's DayNational holiday 
TueJan 12008New Year's DayNational holiday 
ThuJan 12009New Year's DayNational holiday 
FriJan 12010New Year's DayNational holiday 
SatJan 12011New Year's DayNational holiday 
SunJan 12012New Year's DayNational holiday 
TueJan 12013New Year's DayNational holiday 
WedJan 12014New Year's DayNational holiday 
ThuJan 12015New Year's DayNational holiday 
FriJan 12016New Year's DayNational holiday 
SunJan 12017New Year's DayNational holiday 
MonJan 12018New Year's DayNational holiday 
TueJan 12019New Year's DayNational holiday 
WedJan 12020New Year's DayNational holiday 

Related holiday

Other holidays in January 2014 in Germany

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