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Repentance Day in Germany

Quick Facts

The Day of Prayer and Repentance is a Protestant holiday and a public holiday in the state of Saxony (Sachsen) on the last Wednesday before November 23.

Local names

NameLanguage
Buß- und BettagGerman
Repentance DayEnglish

Repentance Day 2014

Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Repentance Day 2015

Wednesday, November 18, 2015
List of dates for other years

The Day of Prayer and Repentance (Buss- und Bettag) is a public holiday in the state of Saxony, Germany. It is on the last Wednesday before November 23 and 11 days before the start of Advent. It is an occasion for Protestant Christians to pray or reflect on quiet thoughts.

Some Christians in Germany spend time in prayer or quiet reflection on the Day of Prayer and Repentance.

©iStockphoto.com/RonTech2000

What do people do?

Some Protestant Christians spend most of the Day of Prayer and Repentance in prayer or engage in quiet reflection or deep thoughts. For other people in the German state of Saxony, the day is an opportunity to spend time with family or friends.

Public life

The Day of Prayer and Repentance is a public holiday for many people in the state of Saxony in Germany. Post offices, banks, schools, stores and businesses are closed. However, some stores may be open, especially stores at railway stations, airports and along highways. The Day of Prayer and Repentance is not a holiday in other parts of Germany. However, some schools in the state of Bavaria may be closed.

Background

Days of repentance were previously held on various dates. There were 47 days of repentance on 24 different dates in 28 German states in 1878. In 1893 a church council in Prussia decided that the day of repentance should fall on the Wednesday before the last Sunday in the church year and, hence, 11 days before the first Sunday in Advent. The Day of Prayer and Repentance was moved to a Sunday during World War II.

The day became a public holiday from that period until 1966 when it was abolished after the five-day week was introduced in the German Democratic Republic. The day was a public holiday in the Federal Republic of Germany (except Bavaria). It became a public holiday in Bavaria in 1952 but was observed mainly in Protestant areas. From 1981, it was also observed in Catholic areas.

The Day of Prayer and Repentance was a public holiday throughout the nation from Germany's unification in 1990 until the end of 1994. Germans exchanged the public holiday that year for health insurance improvements. However, Saxony has different health insurance arrangements and the state retained the public holiday.

Repentance Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
WedNov 211990Repentance DayNational holiday 
WedNov 201991Repentance DayNational holiday 
WedNov 181992Repentance DayNational holiday 
WedNov 171993Repentance DayNational holiday 
WedNov 161994Repentance DayNational holiday 
WedNov 221995Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 201996Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 191997Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 181998Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 171999Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 222000Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 212001Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 202002Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 192003Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 172004Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 162005Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 222006Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 212007Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 192008Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 182009Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 172010Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 162011Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 212012Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 202013Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 192014Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 182015Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 162016Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 222017Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 212018Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 202019Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony
WedNov 182020Repentance DayCommon Local holidaysSaxony

Other holidays in November 2014 in Germany

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