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Guru Govind Singh Jayanti in India

Quick Facts

Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is the Sikh annual celebration that occurs in countries such as India around December or January in the Gregorian calendar.

Local names

NameLanguage
गुरु गोबिंद सिंह जयंतीHindi
Guru Govind Singh JayantiEnglish
Guru Govind Singh JayantiGerman

Guru Govind Singh Jayanti 2014

Tuesday, January 7, 2014

Guru Govind Singh Jayanti 2015

Monday, January 5, 2015
Note: Individuals can take a limited number of restricted holidays but government offices and most businesses remain open. This system gives individuals the flexibility to take time off to celebrate a holiday within India's vast religious and cultural society.
List of dates for other years

Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti (also spelled Govind Singh) is a Sikh festival that commemorates the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. It is a religious celebration in which prayers for prosperity are offered.

Many Sikhs go to the temple during the celebration of the Guru's birthday.

©iStockphoto.com/traveler1116

What do people do?

It is common for large processions to go through markets in India on Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti. People sing devotional songs during the procession and share sweets and a cold drink or a sharbat among the adults and children. There are also special prayer gatherings that are held at places of worship known as Gurudwaras.

Historical lectures are conducted and poems recited as part of praising the Guru on his birthday. Special dishes that are unique to this occasion are prepared and served during the festivities.

Public Life

Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is a restricted holiday so government institutions and offices remain open as well as businesses, banks, and public transportation services. These openings depend on where one lives and the services’ proximity to the festivities. Some schools remain open, depending on their religious observance.

Background

Guru Gobind Singh was the 10th Sikh Guru of Nanak. He was born at Patna, Bihar, India, on December 22, 1666. His birthday sometimes falls either in December or January or even both months in the Gregorian calendar. The annual celebration of the Guru’s birthday is based on the Nanakshahi calendar.

Guru Gobind Singh was the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, who gave his life to protect religious freedom. He succeeded his father when he became a Guru at nine years of age. Guru Gobind Singh’s teachings have a big impact on Sikhs. In his lifetime, he stood against the Mughal Rulers and fought against injustice. In 1699, Guru Gobind Singh took five men from the lower caste of society and baptized them as His Five Beloveds, endowing them with great courage and a devotion to God. It was his dedication to God, his fearlessness and his desire to protect the people from being oppressed that led Guru Gobind Singh to establish the Khalsa, a military force of saint-soldiers which he baptized.

Under Guru Gobind Singh’s guidance and inspiration, the Khalsa followed a strict moral code and spiritual discipline. It was through his courage that the people rose against the oppression of the Mughal ruler in India at the time. Aside from being a spiritual and a military leader Guru Gobind Singh was also a gifted writer who penned a large body of literary work. Before his death in 1708, he declared the Guru Granth Sahib, which is Sikhism’s Holy Scripture to be the permanent Sikh Guru.

Symbols

The processions held for Guru Gobind Singh in India are decorated with religious posters, banners, flags, flowers and other things that portray the different aspects of Sikhism. Generally, a procession carries a picture of Guru Gobind Singh along with symbol of Sikh – Ek-Onkar.

Guru Govind Singh Jayanti Observances

Note: Individuals can take a limited number of restricted holidays but government offices and most businesses remain open. This system gives individuals the flexibility to take time off to celebrate a holiday within India's vast religious and cultural society.
WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday type
WedJan 52005Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
ThuJan 52006Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
FriJan 52007Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
SatJan 52008Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
MonJan 52009Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
TueJan 52010Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
WedJan 52011Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
ThuJan 52012Guru Govind Singh JayantiObservance
FriJan 182013Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
TueJan 72014Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday
MonJan 52015Guru Govind Singh JayantiRestricted Holiday

Other holidays in January 2014 in India

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