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Constitution Day in Poland

Quick Facts

Constitution Day is an annual public holiday in Poland on May 3.

Local names

NameLanguage
Święto Konstytucji Trzeciego MajaPolish
Constitution DayEnglish
Tag der VerfassungGerman

Constitution Day 2014

Saturday, May 3, 2014

Constitution Day 2015

Sunday, May 3, 2015
List of dates for other years

Many people in Poland celebrate Constitution Day (Święto Konstytucji 3 Maja or Święto Narodowe Trzeciego Maja), which commemorates the enactment of the Polish Constitution that came into effect on May 3, 1791.

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Warsaw - it is a popular place to visit in Poland on Constitution Day.

©iStockphoto.com/scubabartek

What do people do?

Constitution Day is part of a holiday season known as Majówka, which also includes the May 1/Labor Day holiday. It is celebrated with military parades, spring concerts and family picnics. Many people also gather at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Grób Nieznanego Żołnierza) at the Piłsudski Square in Warsaw. The monument is dedicated to unknown soldiers who gave their lives for Poland.

Public life

Constitution Day is an official public holiday in Poland, so schools, banks, government offices and most private businesses are closed. There is a trade prohibition on public holidays in Poland. People intending to travel via public transport during public holidays must check with the public transit authorities on any changes to time schedules.

Background

On May 3, 1791, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth’s constitution was adopted. It was the first constitution in modern Europe and second in the world, following the American one. It was a significant achievement of the Polish Enlightenment thinkers.

May 3 was established as a holiday only days after the constitution was passed by the Grand Sejm (Polish Parliament). It was later suspended for many years due to the country’s partitioning, but was reinstituted after Poland regained its freedom in 1918. After World War II, in 1946, the communist authorities banned the holiday’s public celebration. The holiday was officially cancelled in 1951. Since 1990 the May 3 holiday has again been celebrated as an official statutory holiday in Poland.

Constitution Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday type
ThuMay 31990Constitution DayNational holiday
FriMay 31991Constitution DayNational holiday
SunMay 31992Constitution DayNational holiday
MonMay 31993Constitution DayNational holiday
TueMay 31994Constitution DayNational holiday
WedMay 31995Constitution DayNational holiday
FriMay 31996Constitution DayNational holiday
SatMay 31997Constitution DayNational holiday
SunMay 31998Constitution DayNational holiday
MonMay 31999Constitution DayNational holiday
WedMay 32000Constitution DayNational holiday
ThuMay 32001Constitution DayNational holiday
FriMay 32002Constitution DayNational holiday
SatMay 32003Constitution DayNational holiday
MonMay 32004Constitution DayNational holiday
TueMay 32005Constitution DayNational holiday
WedMay 32006Constitution DayNational holiday
ThuMay 32007Constitution DayNational holiday
SatMay 32008Constitution DayNational holiday
SunMay 32009Constitution DayNational holiday
MonMay 32010Constitution DayNational holiday
TueMay 32011Constitution DayNational holiday
ThuMay 32012Constitution DayNational holiday
FriMay 32013Constitution DayNational holiday
SatMay 32014Constitution DayNational holiday
SunMay 32015Constitution DayNational holiday
TueMay 32016Constitution DayNational holiday
WedMay 32017Constitution DayNational holiday
ThuMay 32018Constitution DayNational holiday
FriMay 32019Constitution DayNational holiday
SunMay 32020Constitution DayNational holiday

Related holiday

Other holidays in May 2014 in Poland

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