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Orthodox Christmas Day in Russia

Quick Facts

Many Russians celebrate Christmas Day on January 7 in the Gregorian calendar, which corresponds to December 25 in the Julian calendar.

Local names

NameLanguage
РождествоRussian
Orthodox Christmas DayEnglish
Orthodoxe WeihnachtenGerman

Orthodox Christmas Day 2014

Tuesday, January 7, 2014

Orthodox Christmas Day 2015

Wednesday, January 7, 2015
List of dates for other years

Christmas Day in Russia marks the birth of Jesus Christ in the Christian Orthodox tradition. Although banned during the Soviet times, Christmas is now regaining its popularity and religious meaning in Russia.

Christmas dinner table

Many people celebrate Christmas Day with a festive meal (example of festive meal only).

©iStockphoto.com/photo4u2

What do people do?

People in Russia celebrate Christmas Day with activities such as having a family dinner, attending a Christmas liturgy and visiting relatives and friends. There is a 40-day Lent preceding Christmas Day, when practicing Christians do not eat any meat. The Lent period ends with the first star in the night sky on January 6 – a symbol of Jesus Christ's birth. Many Orthodox Christians go to the church to attend a Christmas liturgy that evening.

The first star also signals the start of the Christmas dinner. For many secular Russians, Christmas Day is a family holiday but it is not as important, for many families, as New Year's Day. Many people visit friends and relatives, as well as give and receive presents, on January 7. Prior to Christmas Day, there is Christmas Eve, which marks the start of an old Slavic holiday, Svyatki, in which young women used a mirror and candles to invoke the image of their future husbands. Like going to church, fortune-telling on Christmas Eve is again becoming popular in Russia.

Public life

Orthodox Christmas is a national holiday in Russia so banks and public offices are closed on January 7. If Christmas Day falls on a weekend, the non-labor day moves to the following Monday. Russian authorities may sometimes declare a national vacation from January 1 to 10 due to the close proximity of New Year's holidays (January 1-5), Christmas and the weekends between these two holidays.

Background

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Bolsheviks banned Christmas celebrations. Many Christmas traditions, such as decorating a fir tree and giving presents, turned into New Year's traditions. Christmas became an official holiday and a non-labor day in Russia in 1991. It began regaining popularity only recently, partially because Russian leaders, starting with Vladimir Putin, annually attend a Christmas liturgy. The Russian Orthodox Church celebrates religious holidays according to the Julian calendar. Russia uses the Gregorian calendar for secular purposes since 1918.

Symbols

The common symbols of Orthodox Christmas are a decorated fir tree, a star (such as the first star in the sky or the star on top of the Christmas tree) and baby Jesus.

About Orthodox Christmas Day in other countries

Read more about Orthodox Christmas Day.

Orthodox Christmas Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday type
ThuJan 71993Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
FriJan 71994Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
SatJan 71995Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
SunJan 71996Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
TueJan 71997Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
WedJan 71998Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
ThuJan 71999Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
FriJan 72000Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
SunJan 72001Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
MonJan 72002Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
TueJan 72003Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
WedJan 72004Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
FriJan 72005Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
SatJan 72006Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
SunJan 72007Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
MonJan 72008Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
WedJan 72009Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
ThuJan 72010Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
FriJan 72011Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
SatJan 72012Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
MonJan 72013Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
TueJan 72014Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
WedJan 72015Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
ThuJan 72016Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
SatJan 72017Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
SunJan 72018Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
MonJan 72019Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday
TueJan 72020Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday

Other holidays in January 2014 in Russia

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