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First Day of Hanukkah in United Kingdom

Quick Facts

Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday to commemorate the re-dedication of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. It starts on the 25th day of the month of Kislev and lasts eight days.

Name

First Day of Hanukkah

Alternative name

First Day of Chanukah

First Day of Hanukkah 2014

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

First Day of Hanukkah 2015

Monday, December 7, 2015
Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
List of dates for other years

The first day of Hanukkah is the start of the Hanukkah period, also known as Chanukah or Festival of Lights. Many Jewish communities in the United Kingdom begin celebrating the miracle of the sanctified oil during this time of the year. The first day of Hanukkah falls on 25th day of the Jewish month of Kislev.

Hanukkah cookies on the table.

©iStockphoto.com/sbossert

What do people do?

Many Jewish people in the United Kingdom light one candle or oil lamp on the first day of Hanukkah. They also light one extra candle or oil lamp in case they need a flame or light for some other purpose. The candle or oil lamp is placed in a candle stick known as a hanukiah. This has space for eight candles or oil lamps and an extra one. The hanukiah may be lit in a private home, synagogue or a public place, such as Trafalgar Square in London.

Many Jewish people light two candles or oil lamps and one additional one on the second day of Hanukkah. This process continues until the eighth, or last, day of Hanukkah. Then they light eight candles or oil lamps and one additional one.

It is also common practice for people of Jewish faith to recite special prayers and sing or recite traditional hymns at Hanukkah. Jewish choirs perform songs and hymns. Families and groups of friends play Hanukkah games together. Children may receive real or chocolate money and gifts. Many Jewish people eat foods fried in oil, such as potato cakes and donuts, and dairy products.

Public life

The first day of Hanukkah is not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. There may be some congestion near synagogues. Jewish businesses may be closed or have different opening hours. Jewish children at state schools can obtain permission to have time off school to celebrate this holiday.

Background

The Jewish festival of Hanukkah commemorates the victory of the Maccabees over the Syrian Greeks sometime around 165 BCE. The Maccabees were a group of Jews and gained their victory after a war lasting three years.

The Holy Temple in Jerusalem had been used for non-Jewish religious rituals during the war. Following the end of the war, the Maccabees re-dedicated the temple and found a single vial of sanctified oil. This was enough to burn in the menorah, or candle stick, for just one day. However, the rituals demanded that this burn for eight days. Miraculously, the flames in the menorah stayed alight for eight days. This is known as the miracle of the oil and is celebrated at Hanukkah.

Symbols

Symbols of Hanukkah include:

Children in some families receive small gifts on each of the eight days of Hanukkah or a single larger gift.

About First Day of Hanukkah in other countries

Read more about First Day of Hanukkah.

First Day of Hanukkah Observances

Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
WedDec 121990First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 21991First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
SunDec 201992First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
ThuDec 91993First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonNov 281994First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 181995First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
FriDec 61996First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
WedDec 241997First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 141998First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
SatDec 41999First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
FriDec 222000First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 102001First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
SatNov 302002First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
SatDec 202003First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
WedDec 82004First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 262005First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
SatDec 162006First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
WedDec 52007First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 222008First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
SatDec 122009First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
ThuDec 22010First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
WedDec 212011First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
SunDec 92012First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
ThuNov 282013First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
WedDec 172014First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 72015First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
SunDec 252016First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
WedDec 132017First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 32018First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
MonDec 232019First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
FriDec 112020First Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 

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