Last day of Hanukkah in United Kingdom
Hanukkah, also known as Chanukah or Festival of Lights, is a time for many Jewish communities in the United Kingdom to celebrate the miracle of the sanctified oil. The last day of Hanukkah falls on the second or third day of the Jewish month of Tevet.
What Do People Do?
Many Jewish people throughout the world, including in the United Kingdom, light eight candles or oil lamps to represent the eight days that the oil lamps burned from one bottle of sanctified oil during the re-dedication of the Holy Temple. They also light one additional candle or oil lamp in case they need a light for some other purpose. The candle sticks may be in private homes, synagogues or in public places, such as Trafalgar Square in London.
Jewish people also recite special prayers and sing or recite traditional hymns. Jewish choirs may perform Jewish and Israeli songs and hymns. Families and groups of friends play Hanukkah games together. Children may receive gifts of real or chocolate money and toys.
The last day of Hanukkah is not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. There may be some congestion near synagogues. Jewish businesses may be closed or have different opening hours. Jewish children at state schools can obtain permission to have time off school to celebrate this holiday.
The Jewish festival of Hanukkah commemorates the victory of the Maccabees over the Syrian Greeks sometime around 165 BCE. The Maccabees were a group of Jews and gained their victory after a war lasting three years.
The Holy Temple in Jerusalem had been used for non-Jewish religious rituals during the war. Following the end of the war, the Maccabees re-dedicated the temple and found a single vial of sanctified oil. This was enough to burn in the menorah, or candle stick, for just one day. However, the rituals demanded that this burn for eight days. Miraculously, the flames in the menorah stayed alight for eight days. This is known as the miracle of the oil and is celebrated at Hanukkah. The first day of Hanukkah marks the start of the Hanukkah period.
Symbols of the last day of Hanukkah include:
- Candle sticks, or hanukiah, with nine lit candles or small oil lamps.
- Square spinning tops known as dreidels. There is a letter on each of the faces. These letters have symbolic meanings and are used in seasonal and religious games.
- Foods cooked in oil, including donuts and potato cakes called latke.
- Chocolate money.
In addition, children in some families receive presents or money from parents and other family members.
About Last day of Hanukkah in other countriesRead more about Last day of Hanukkah.
Last day of Hanukkah ObservancesNote: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
|Weekday||Date||Year||Name||Holiday Type||Where it is Observed|
|Thu||Dec 9||2010||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Dec 28||2011||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Sun||Dec 16||2012||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Thu||Dec 5||2013||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Dec 24||2014||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Dec 14||2015||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Sun||Jan 1||2017||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Dec 20||2017||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Dec 10||2018||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Dec 30||2019||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
|Fri||Dec 18||2020||Last day of Hanukkah||Jewish holiday|
Quick FactsThe last day of Hanukkah marks the end of a period of eight days to commemorate the re-dedication of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
Last day of Hanukkah 2016Last day of Hanukkah does not occur in 2016
Last day of Hanukkah 2017Sunday, January 1, 2017
Wednesday, December 20, 2017
NameLast day of Hanukkah
Alternative nameLast day of Chanukah
Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
- First Day of Hanukkah – Sunday, December 25, 2016