Pentecost in United Kingdom
Quick FactsMany Christians in the United Kingdom observe Pentecost, also known as Whitsunday or Whit Sunday.
Alternative namePentecost Sunday
Pentecost 2013Sunday, May 19, 2013
Pentecost 2014Sunday, June 8, 2014
List of dates for other years
Pentecost is a Christian observance commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit on Jesus Christ’s disciples, according to the Christian Bible. Many Christians in the United Kingdom celebrate Pentecost, which is also known as Pentecost Sunday, Whitsunday, or Whit Sunday.
What do people do?
Pentecost is a joyous period for many Christians in the United Kingdom. Many churches have special Pentecost services for people – both members and guests – to learn more about Pentecost, its history and the meaning of this occasion in modern times. Whit Sunday is called “Bread and Cheese Day” in Gloucestershire because of an old tradition that involves throwing bread and cheese.
Many church groups organize celebrations in venues such as parks or community halls. These celebrations often include speeches from special guests, music, food, activities for children, and opportunities for people to socialize. Pentecost is also a day allocated for baptisms in some churches. Many Christians recognize Pentecost as the birth of the Christian church.
The Pentecost Festival is a Christian festival in London during the Pentecost weekend. The festival features various events including music, sport, art, and cultural events. Many churches and Christian organizations participate in this festival. The Pentecost Festival was first held in 2008 and featured 150 events at more than 60 venues and outdoor spaces. More than 100 people were out on the streets around the events, talking to people and praying.
Whitsunday is not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. Traffic and parking conditions may be busy in areas where large Pentecost events are held.
According to the Christian Bible, it was on the 50th day after Easter when the apostles prayed together and the Holy Spirit descended on them. They received the “gift of tongues” – the ability to speak in other languages – and immediately began to preach about Jesus Christ to Jewish people from all over the world who flocked to Jerusalem for the Feast of Shavuot.
Christian Pentecost not only commemorated the Holy Spirit’s visit but also marked the birth of the Christian Church. Although it is not certain when Christians started observing Pentecost, it may have been early as the first century CE. Whitsuntide, also referred to as Whitsun in modern times, is the period beginning with the Saturday before Whitsunday and ending the following Saturday.
According to church tradition, Pentecost is about seven weeks after Easter Sunday, or 50 days after Easter, including Easter Day. In some Orthodox churches, Whitsunday is observed after the date set by the western churches. This is because some Orthodox churches still observe holidays according to the Julian calendar, which preceded the Gregorian calendar adopted by many western churches. The Easter date depends on the ecclesiastical approximation of the March equinox.
The symbols of Pentecost are those of the Holy Spirit and include flames, fire, wind, and a dove.
About Pentecost in other countriesRead more about Pentecost.
|Weekday||Date||Year||Name||Holiday type||Where it is observed|
- Whit Monday ―Monday, May 20, 2013
Other holidays in May 2013 in United Kingdom
- Orthodox Good Friday ―Friday, May 3, 2013
- Orthodox Holy Saturday ―Saturday, May 4, 2013
- Orthodox Easter ―Sunday, May 5, 2013
- Early May Bank Holiday ―Monday, May 6, 2013
- Orthodox Easter Monday ―Monday, May 6, 2013
- Ascension Day ―Thursday, May 9, 2013
- Shavuot ―Wednesday, May 15, 2013
- Whit Monday ―Monday, May 20, 2013
- Trinity Sunday ―Sunday, May 26, 2013
- Spring Bank Holiday ―Monday, May 27, 2013
- Corpus Christi ―Thursday, May 30, 2013
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