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Ramadan begins in United Kingdom

Quick Facts

Many Muslims in the United Kingdom welcome Ramadan as period of fasting, self-evaluation and spiritual growth. Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar.

Name

Ramadan begins

Ramadan begins 2014

Sunday, June 29, 2014

Ramadan begins 2015

Thursday, June 18, 2015
Note: Regional customs or moon sightings may cause a variation of the date for Islamic holidays, which begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday. The Islamic calendar is lunar and the days begin at sunset, so there may be one-day error depending on when the New Moon is first seen.
List of dates for other years

Ramadan (also known as Ramadhan or Ramzan) is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. It is a period of prayer, fasting, charity-giving and self-accountability for Muslims in the United Kingdom. The first verses of the Koran (Qu'ran) were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (also written as Mohammad or Muhammed) during the last third of Ramadan, making this an especially holy period.

Ramadan Fast

Evening meals are kept simple during the month of Ramadan. They include dates (pictured above), bread, water, soups, and stews.

©iStockphoto.com/Paul Cowan

What do people do?

Many Muslims in the United Kingdom fast during the daylight hours in the month of Ramadan. Fasting during Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars (fundamental religious duties) of Islam. It is a time of self-examination and increased religious devotion. It is common to have one meal known as the suhoor just before sunrise and an evening meal (iftar) after sunset during Ramadan. The United Kingdom’s Department of Health produced a guide to healthy fasting during Ramadan, which aims to help people avoid health complications when they fast.

Ramadan is also a time for many Muslims to donate to charity by participating in food drives for the poor, organizing a collection or charity event, and other voluntary activities. Muslims are encouraged to be charitable during Ramadan. Campaigns have been promoted in the United Kingdom to raise public awareness of safe ways to donate to charity and how to avoid donating to fake charities during Ramadan. These campaigns aim to help people choose an honest charity organization when donating money and equipment.

People of Islamic faith are encouraged to read the entire Qur'an during Ramadan. Some Muslims recite the entire Qur'an by the end of Ramadan through special prayers known as Tarawih, which are held in the mosques every night of the month, during which a section of the Qur'an is recited. Ramadan Qu’ran competitions have been held for both children and adults in the United Kingdom in recent times.

Some political leaders in the United Kingdom, including the prime minister, previously made public announcements, greeting Muslims both locally and globally for the month of Ramadan. Their messages aim to help raise an awareness of the Ramadan’s importance among Muslims both in the United Kingdom and throughout the world.

Public life

Many Islamic businesses and organizations may amend opening hours to suit prayer times during Ramadan in the United Kingdom. There may also be some congestion around mosques during prayer times, such as in the evenings.

Background

Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar, which consists of 12 months and lasts for about 354 days. The word “Ramadan” is derived from an Arabic word for intense heat, scorched ground and shortness of food and drink. It is considered to be the most holy and blessed month. Fighting is not allowed during this period.

The month of Ramadan traditionally begins with a new moon sighting, marking the start of the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. Many Muslims (except children, the sick and the elderly) abstain from food, drink, and certain other activities during daylight hours in Ramadan. This is considered as the holiest season in the Islamic year and commemorates the time when the Qu’ran (Islamic holy book) is said to have been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. This occurred on Laylat Al-Qadr, one of the last 10 nights of the month.  Ramadan ends when the first crescent of the new moon is sighted again, marking the new lunar month’s start. Eid-al-Fitr is the Islamic holiday that marks the end of Ramadan.

About Ramadan begins in other countries

Read more about Ramadan begins.

Ramadan begins Observances

Note: Regional customs or moon sightings may cause a variation of the date for Islamic holidays, which begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday. The Islamic calendar is lunar and the days begin at sunset, so there may be one-day error depending on when the New Moon is first seen.
WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
WedMar 281990Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SunMar 171991Ramadan beginsMuslim 
ThuMar 51992Ramadan beginsMuslim 
TueFeb 231993Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SatFeb 121994Ramadan beginsMuslim 
WedFeb 11995Ramadan beginsMuslim 
MonJan 221996Ramadan beginsMuslim 
FriJan 101997Ramadan beginsMuslim 
WedDec 311997Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SunDec 201998Ramadan beginsMuslim 
ThuDec 91999Ramadan beginsMuslim 
TueNov 282000Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SatNov 172001Ramadan beginsMuslim 
WedNov 62002Ramadan beginsMuslim 
MonOct 272003Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SatOct 162004Ramadan beginsMuslim 
WedOct 52005Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SunSep 242006Ramadan beginsMuslim 
ThuSep 132007Ramadan beginsMuslim 
TueSep 22008Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SatAug 222009Ramadan beginsMuslim 
WedAug 112010Ramadan beginsMuslim 
MonAug 12011Ramadan beginsMuslim 
FriJul 202012Ramadan beginsMuslim 
TueJul 92013Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SunJun 292014Ramadan beginsMuslim 
ThuJun 182015Ramadan beginsMuslim 
TueJun 72016Ramadan beginsMuslim 
SatMay 272017Ramadan beginsMuslim 
WedMay 162018Ramadan beginsMuslim 
MonMay 62019Ramadan beginsMuslim 
FriApr 242020Ramadan beginsMuslim 

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