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St. George's Day in United Kingdom

Quick Facts

St George's Day in England is a celebration of Saint George, a Christian martyr and soldier in the Roman army.

Name

St. George's Day

Alternative name

Georgemas

St. George's Day 2014

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

St. George's Day 2015

Thursday, April 23, 2015
List of dates for other years

St George's Day in England remembers St George, England's patron saint. The anniversary of his death, which is on April 23, is seen as England's national day. According to legend, he was a soldier in the Roman army who killed a dragon and saved a princess.

St. George's Day

According to legend, St George slayed a dragon. Many Christians observe St George's Day in the UK, although it is not a public holiday.

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Celebrate St George's Day

St George's Day used to be a national holiday in England. It is now an observance that is celebrated with parades, dancing and other activities. Flags with the image of St George's cross are flown on some buildings, especially pubs, and a few people wear a red rose on their lapel. Church services on the Sunday closest to April 23 often include the hymn 'Jerusalem', written by the poet William Blake. The words describe a supposed visit to Glastonbury, England, by Jesus Christ during his youth.

Public life

April 23 is not a public holiday. Schools, stores, post offices, businesses and other organizations are open as usual. Public transport services run to their usual timetables.

About St George's Day

St George was born sometime around the year 280 in what is now Turkey. He was a soldier and rose up through the ranks of the Roman army, eventually becoming a personal guard to the Emperor Diocletian. He was executed for being a Christian on April 23, 303, and is buried in the town of Lod in Israel.

St George is most widely known for slaying a dragon. According to legend, the only well in the town of Silene was guarded by a dragon. In order to get water, the inhabitants of the town had to offer a human sacrifice every day to the dragon. The person to be sacrificed was chosen by lots. On the day that St George was visiting, a princess had been selected to be sacrificed. However, he killed the dragon, saved the princess and gave the people of Silene access to water. In gratitude, they converted to Christianity. It is thought that the dragon represents a certain type of pagan belief that included the sacrifice of human beings.

St George's Day was once celebrated as widely as Christmas. But the celebrations waned by the end of the 18th century after England had united with Scotland on May 1, 1707. In recent times, there has been a push, involving campaigns and petitions, to make the day a public holiday in England.

St George is the patron saint of a number of other places, such as Bulgaria, Ethiopia, Georgia, Greece, Portugal and Russia. He is also remembered in some regional holidays, such as in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador in Canada and among the Gorani people who live in a mountainous area in the Balkans and were converted to Islam many centuries ago, but still observe St George's Day. Around the world, a number of days are devoted to St George, including April 23 and dates in November and December of the Gregorian calendar.

Symbols

The most widely recognized symbol of St George's Day is St George's cross. This is a red cross on a white background, which is often displayed as a flag. It is used as England's national flag, forming part of the Union Flag, the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Saint George's cross was originally the flag of the maritime Republic of Genoa. Around 1190, the King of England started paying the Doge of Genoa to protect ships originally from the city of London and the rest of England that sailed in the Mediterranean.

During the crusades in the 1100s and 1200s, English knights used St George's cross as part of their uniform. It has been the official flag of England for centuries, but the Union Flag, a combination of St George's cross, St Andrew's cross and St Patrick's cross, is the national flag of the United Kingdom. Now Saint George's cross is used as a national symbol by fans of the English national football, rugby and cricket teams. At international matches, flags and scarves bearing this cross are worn and people paint it on their faces. It is also has a prominent place on the arms of the City of London and the flags of the city of Barcelona, Spain, and the country of Georgia.

St. George's Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
MonApr 231990St. George's DayObservance 
TueApr 231991St. George's DayObservance 
ThuApr 231992St. George's DayObservance 
FriApr 231993St. George's DayObservance 
SatApr 231994St. George's DayObservance 
SunApr 231995St. George's DayObservance 
TueApr 231996St. George's DayObservance 
WedApr 231997St. George's DayObservance 
ThuApr 231998St. George's DayObservance 
FriApr 231999St. George's DayObservance 
SunApr 232000St. George's DayObservance 
MonApr 232001St. George's DayObservance 
TueApr 232002St. George's DayObservance 
WedApr 232003St. George's DayObservance 
FriApr 232004St. George's DayObservance 
SatApr 232005St. George's DayObservance 
SunApr 232006St. George's DayObservance 
MonApr 232007St. George's DayObservance 
WedApr 232008St. George's DayObservance 
ThuApr 232009St. George's DayObservance 
FriApr 232010St. George's DayObservance 
SatApr 232011St. George's DayObservance 
MonApr 232012St. George's DayObservance 
TueApr 232013St. George's DayObservance 
WedApr 232014St. George's DayObservance 
ThuApr 232015St. George's DayObservance 
SatApr 232016St. George's DayObservance 
SunApr 232017St. George's DayObservance 
MonApr 232018St. George's DayObservance 
TueApr 232019St. George's DayObservance 
ThuApr 232020St. George's DayObservance 

Other holidays in April 2014 in United Kingdom

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