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International Day for Biological Diversity

Quick Facts

The International Day for Biological Diversity is an occasion to increase the global understanding and awareness of issues and challenges around biodiversity.

Local names

NameLanguage
International Day for Biological DiversityEnglish
Día Internacional de la Diversidad BiológicaSpanish
היום בינלאומי לשימור מגוון הביולוגיHebrew
اليوم العالمي للتنوع الأحيائيArabic
생물 다양성에 대한 국제 날Korean
Internationaler Tag zur Erhaltung der ArtenvielfaltGerman

International Day for Biological Diversity 2014

Thursday, May 22, 2014

International Day for Biological Diversity 2015

Friday, May 22, 2015
List of dates for other years

On May 22, 1992, the text of the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted by the of the United Nations at a conference in Nairobi, Kenya. Since 2001, the International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated each year on the anniversary of this date.

International Day for Biological Diversity

The International Day for Biological Diversity raises awareness about preserving endangered habitats.

©iStockphoto.com/Terraxplorer

What do people do?

A wide range of events are organized globally to increase the understanding of the important role of biodiversity in our future. Celebrations are organized by: the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, which forms part of the United Nations Environmental Programme; many national governments; and a range of non-governmental organizations.

Activities include:

Politicians may also give speeches on local environmental issues and other events may include competitions for children and young people to take photographs or create artwork centered on the annual theme of the day.

Public life

The International Day for Biological Diversity is an observance and not a public holiday.

Background

In 1992 state and government leaders agreed on a strategy for sustainable development at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as "The Earth Summit", in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sustainable development is a way to meet the needs of people all over the world and ensuring that planet earth remains healthy and viable for future generations. One of the most important agreements reached during the Earth Summit was the Convention on Biological Diversity.

The Convention on Biological Diversity came into force on December 29, 1993, and each anniversary of this date was designated the International Day for Biological Diversity. From 2001 onwards the date of this celebration was moved to May 22 due to the number of holidays that fell in late December. On this date in 1992, the text of the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted at a United Nations at a conference in Nairobi, Kenya.

Each year, the International Day for Biodiversity focuses on a particular theme. Recently, the themes have been: Biodiversity and Poverty Alleviation (2003); Biodiversity: Food, Water and Health for All (2004); Biodiversity: Life Insurance for our Changing World (2005); Protect Biodiversity in Drylands (2006); and Biodiversity and Climate Change (2007); and Biodiversity and Agriculture (2008).

Symbols

The International Day for Biological Diversity is part of a series of activities to focus attention on the Convention on Biological Diversity. The symbol of this convention is a stylized image of a twig or branch with three green leaves. Depending on the background, the leaves may be just outlines or green blocks. Each year a piece of artwork is commissioned to reflect the theme. Details of the artwork are used as symbols for different aspects of the International Day for Biological Diversity.

International Day for Biological Diversity Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
WedDec 291993International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
ThuDec 291994International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
FriDec 291995International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
SunDec 291996International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
MonDec 291997International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
TueDec 291998International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
WedDec 291999International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
FriDec 292000International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
TueMay 222001International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
WedMay 222002International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
ThuMay 222003International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
SatMay 222004International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
SunMay 222005International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
MonMay 222006International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
TueMay 222007International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
ThuMay 222008International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
FriMay 222009International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
SatMay 222010International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
SunMay 222011International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
TueMay 222012International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
WedMay 222013International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
ThuMay 222014International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
FriMay 222015International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
SunMay 222016International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
MonMay 222017International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
TueMay 222018International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
WedMay 222019International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
FriMay 222020International Day for Biological DiversityUnited Nations observance 
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