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International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction

Quick Facts

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction is annually observed on the second Wednesday of October to promote a global culture of natural disaster risk reduction.

Local names

NameLanguage
International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionEnglish
Día Internacional para la Reducción de los Desastres NaturalesSpanish
היום בינלאומית להפחתת אסונותHebrew
اليوم الدولي للحد من الكوارثArabic
재해 감소를위한 국제의 날Korean
Internationaler Tag zur Verhinderung von NaturkatastrophenGerman

International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction 2014

Wednesday, October 8, 2014

International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction 2015

Wednesday, October 14, 2015
List of dates for other years

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction is annually observed on the second Wednesday of October to raise the profile of disaster risk reduction. It also encourages people and governments to participate in building more resilient communities and nations.

Many people have lost their homes because of natural disasters.

©iStockphoto.com/Dan Moore

What do people do?

Activities for the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction usually include media announcements about launches for campaigns that center on the day's theme. Governments and communities also take part in the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction through various events such as drawing, drama, essay or photography competitions that focus on making people aware of natural disaster reduction and increasing their preparedness for such situations. Other activities include: community tree planting; conferences, fairs and seminars; and street parades.

Public life

The International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction is a global observance and not a public holiday.

Background

Many people around the world have lost their lives, homes or access to essential facilities, such as hospitals, due to natural disasters, including earthquakes, droughts, tsunamis, heavy flooding, hurricanes or cyclones. Some of these disasters have caused economic damage to some countries. The UN acknowledges that education, training, and information exchanges are effective ways to help people become better equipped in withstanding natural disasters.

On December 22, 1989, the UN General Assembly designated the second Wednesday of October as the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction. This event was to be observed annually during the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, 1990-1999. On December 20, 2001, the assembly decided to maintain the observance to promote a global culture of natural disaster reduction, including disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness.

Symbols

The UN logo is often associated with marketing and promotional material for this event. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree. The olive branches symbolize peace and the world map depicts the area of concern to the UN in achieving its main purpose, peace and security. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles.

International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
WedOct 101990International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 91991International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 141992International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 131993International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 121994International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 111995International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 91996International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 81997International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 141998International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 131999International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 112000International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 102001International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 92002International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 82003International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 132004International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 122005International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 112006International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 102007International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 82008International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 142009International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 132010International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 122011International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 102012International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 92013International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 82014International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 142015International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 122016International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 112017International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 102018International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 92019International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
WedOct 142020International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionUnited Nations observance 
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