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Bunker Hill Day in United States

Quick Facts

Bunker Hill Day commemorates the Battle of Bunker Hill, which took place on June 17, 1775 on the Charlestown Peninsula, Boston Harbor, in Massachusetts.

Local names

NameLanguage
Bunker Hill DayEnglish
Batalla de Bunker HillSpanish
קרב גבעת בנקרHebrew
معركة بانكر هيلArabic
벙커 힐 전투Korean
Bunker Hill DayGerman

Bunker Hill Day 2014

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Bunker Hill Day 2015

Wednesday, June 17, 2015
List of dates for other years

Bunker Hill Day marks the anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill, also known as the Battle of Breed's Hill, on June 17 each year. This battle, which occurred in 1775, was part of the Siege of Boston. This siege took place during the American Revolutionary War, which is also known as the American War of Independence.

Bunker Hill Day

Bunker Hill Day commemorates a part of American history.

©iStockphoto.com/jorgeantonio

What do people do?

A range of events are organized, usually at historic sites and museums. Examples include: re-enactments of historical events; displays on Native American life; performances of live music; and demonstrations of colonial cooking and crafts. Many events are held on a weekend close to June 1, so families can attend.

On the Sunday before or on June 17, a large parade is held in Charlestown, Massachusetts, to celebrate Bunker Hill Day and to commemorate the Battle of Bunker Hill. Various groups take part in the parade including: local marching bands and other musical groups; current and past military personnel; re-enactment groups, especially those connected to the Siege of Boston; sports groups; fire trucks; police motorcycles; and floats sponsored by local businesses. Many people also visit re-enactments of battles and other events from the American Revolutionary War or visit the Bunker Hill Monument or other historic sites on the Boston Freedom Trail.

Public life

Bunker Hill Day is a state holiday in Suffolk County in Massachusetts, USA. Many libraries and schools are closed and public transit services may operate to a reduced schedule or not operate at all in the county. However, state offices are open. There may be some traffic congestion around large parades or particular sites. Bunker Hill Day is not a public holiday in other parts of Massachusetts and the USA.

Background

The Charlestown Peninsula is north of the Charles River and south of the Mystic River and extends about one mile (1.6 kilometers) into Boston Harbor. There are two hills on Charlestown Peninsula: Bunker Hill in the north; and Breed's Hill in the south. On June 16, 1775, Colonel William Prescott and around 1,500 soldiers moved into the area and started to build a fortification on Breed's Hill. In the early hours of the next morning, they were spotted by a British Navy ship. The British attacked and conquered the peninsula, but about 1500 people died in the battle.

The events on Bunker Hill were part of the Siege of Boston, which lasted from April 19, 1775, until March 17, 1776. The Siege of Boston was part of the American Revolutionary War, which lasted from 1775 until 1783. It is unclear as to when the day was first officially observed, however records show that it was observed in the United States as far back as 1863.

Symbols

The current and past flags of the United States are important symbols of the emergence of the United States as an independent country. These flags are widely displayed on Bunker Hill Day. The 13 (seven red and six white) horizontal stripes on the flag of the United States represent the original 13 colonies, which declared independence from Great Britain during or before 1790. Each of the white stars on a blue background represents one of the current states.

The Flag of New England and the Flag of Bunker Hill are also associated with the Battle of Bunker Hill. The Flag of New England is a red rectangle. There is a white square containing an image of a tree on the upper part of the flag, which is hung closest to the flag pole. The Flag of Bunker Hill consists of a dark blue rectangle, again with a white square on the upper part of the flag, which is hung closest to the flag pole. The white square contains an image of Saint George's cross, which is a symbol of England. A tree is depicted in one of the upper quarters of the Saint George's cross.

Bunker Hill Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
SunJun 171990Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
MonJun 171991Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
WedJun 171992Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
ThuJun 171993Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
FriJun 171994Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
SatJun 171995Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
MonJun 171996Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
TueJun 171997Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
WedJun 171998Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
ThuJun 171999Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
SatJun 172000Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
SunJun 172001Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
MonJun 172002Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
TueJun 172003Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
ThuJun 172004Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
FriJun 172005Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
SatJun 172006Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
SunJun 172007Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
TueJun 172008Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
WedJun 172009Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
ThuJun 172010Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
FriJun 172011Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
SunJun 172012Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
MonJun 182012Bunker Hill Day observedState holidayMassachusetts
MonJun 172013Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
TueJun 172014Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
WedJun 172015Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
FriJun 172016Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
FriJun 162017Bunker Hill Day observedState holidayMassachusetts
SatJun 172017Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
SunJun 172018Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
MonJun 182018Bunker Hill Day observedState holidayMassachusetts
MonJun 172019Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts
WedJun 172020Bunker Hill DayState holidayMassachusetts

Related holiday

Other holidays in June 2014 in United States

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