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César Chávez Day in United States

Quick Facts

César Chávez Day celebrates the birthday of César Estrada Chávez.

Local names

NameLanguage
César Chávez DayEnglish
Día de César ChávezSpanish
סזאר צ'אבס היוםHebrew
سيزار تشافيز يومArabic
세자르 차베스 데이Korean
César Chávez DayGerman

César Chávez Day 2014

Monday, March 31, 2014

César Chávez Day 2015

Tuesday, March 31, 2015
List of dates for other years

César Chávez Day is observed in the United States on March 31 each year. It celebrates the birthday of César Estrada Chávez and it serves as a tribute to his commitment to social justice and respect for human dignity.

A street dedicated to civil rights activist César Chávez.

©iStockphoto.com/jcamilobernal

What do people do?

César Chávez Day celebrations are held in many parts of the United States. It is a state holiday in California and an optional holiday in states such as Colorado and Texas but its celebrations go beyond these three states. Other states where celebrations and various activities occur in honor of Dr Chávez include Arizona, Michigan, Nebraska and New Mexico.

Key community leaders use this event to speak to the public about values that Dr Chávez showed in his lifetime and how they made a positive impact on society. Discussions, debates and media attention may focus on issues that Dr Chávez was actively involved with. These issues are relevant to Americans today and center on worker’s rights, fair wages, pension benefits, and medical coverage.

Many schools have classroom activities that focus on Dr Chávez’s achievements, writings and speeches on or close to César Chávez Day. Community and business breakfasts or luncheons are also held to honor Dr Chávez’s achievements and incite hope within American communities.

Public life

César Chávez Day is a state holiday in California so government offices, educational institutions and many businesses are closed. State government offices in Colorado may grant requests for César Chávez Day in lieu of another holiday in the same fiscal year. However, government offices must be open. César Chávez Day is an optional state holiday in Texas.

Background

César Chávez was born on March 31 in 1927. He was a migrant farm worker from the age of 10. He became active with the Community Service Organization, which helped fight racial and economic discrimination against Chicano residents.

Dr Chávez co-founded the National Farm Workers Association in the early 1960s. He focused attention on the plight of migrant farm workers and gained support to have his organization be the first successful farm workers’ union in the United States. He used principles of non-violence, with strikes and boycotts. Dr Chávez remained president of United Farm Workers of America (AFL-CIO) until his death on April 23, 1993.

Funding for César Chávez Day was temporarily suspended in California around 2004 due to problems with the budget in the state. The courts were divided about the holiday in 2005, where some legal staff workers attended work but the doors to court rooms and filing offices were locked. Current efforts are made to push for César Chávez Day to become a national holiday in the United States.

Symbols

Many schools, community centers and parks are named after Dr Chávez in the United States. For example, there is the César Chávez Elementary School in San Francisco. There is also a portrait of Dr Chávez in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington DC, as well as a statue of him at the University of Texas in Austin. Dr Chávez is listed in the California Hall of Fame and references have been made about him in songs by well-known musicians. He was also honored with a commemorative postage stamp that the United States Postal Service issued in 2003.

César Chávez Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
FriMar 311995César Chávez DayState holidayCalifornia
SunMar 311996César Chávez DayState holidayCalifornia
MonApr 11996César Chávez Day observedState holidayCalifornia
MonMar 311997César Chávez DayState holidayCalifornia
TueMar 311998César Chávez DayState holidayCalifornia
WedMar 311999César Chávez DayState holidayCalifornia
FriMar 312000César Chávez DayState holidayCalifornia, Texas
SatMar 312001César Chávez DayState holidayCalifornia, Texas
SunMar 312002César Chávez DayState holidayCalifornia, Texas
MonApr 12002César Chávez Day observedState holidayCalifornia
MonMar 312003César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
WedMar 312004César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
ThuMar 312005César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
FriMar 312006César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
SatMar 312007César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
MonMar 312008César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
TueMar 312009César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
WedMar 312010César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
ThuMar 312011César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
SatMar 312012César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
SunMar 312013César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
MonApr 12013César Chávez Day observedState holidayCalifornia
MonMar 312014César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
TueMar 312015César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
ThuMar 312016César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
FriMar 312017César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
SatMar 312018César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
SunMar 312019César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*
MonApr 12019César Chávez Day observedState holidayCalifornia
TueMar 312020César Chávez DayState holidayCA, CO*, TX*

Other holidays in March 2014 in United States

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