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Christmas Day in United States

Quick Facts

Christmas Day celebrates Jesus Christ's birth.

Local names

NameLanguage
Christmas DayEnglish
NavidadSpanish
חג המולדHebrew
عيد الميلادArabic
크리스마스Korean
WeihnachtenGerman

Christmas Day 2014

Thursday, December 25, 2014

Christmas Day 2015

Friday, December 25, 2015
List of dates for other years

Many people in the United States celebrate Christmas Day on December 25. The day celebrates Jesus Christ's birth. It is often combined with customs from pre-Christian winter celebrations. Many people erect Christmas trees, decorate their homes, visit family or friends and exchange gifts.

Christmas Day

Family feasts are often a part of Christmas Day celebrations.

©iStockphoto.com/ Lisa Thornberg

What do people do?

People celebrate Christmas Day in many ways. In the days or even weeks before Christmas Day, many people decorate their homes and gardens with lights, Christmas trees and much more. It is common to organize a special meal, often consisting of turkey and a lot of other festive foods, for family or friends and exchange gifts with them. Children, in particular, often receive a lot of gifts from their parents and other relatives and the mythical figure Santa Claus. This has led to Christmas Day becoming an increasingly commercialized holiday, with a lot of families spending a large part of their income on gifts and food.

Many Sunday schools, churches and communities organize special events. These can include decorating the neighborhood or a shopping mall, putting up a Christmas tree and planning a Nativity display, concert or performance. A lot of plays and songs have a aspect of Christmas as a theme. Some groups arrange meals, shelter or charitable projects for people without a home or with very little money.

Public life

Government offices, organizations, businesses and schools are closed, almost without exception. Many people visit relatives or friends and are out of town. This may cause congestion on highways and at airports. Public transit systems do not run on their regular schedules. In general, public life closes down completely.

Background

The original meaning of Christmas is a special church service, or mass, to celebrate the birth of Christ. The story of the Nativity, or the events surrounding the birth of Jesus, are particularly important in religious celebrations of Christmas. However, many traditions that are around today have their roots in pre-Christian winter festivals. These include the importance of candles and decorations made from evergreen bushes and tree, symbolizing everlasting light and life.

In Roman times, a mid-winter festival was held. This was a relaxing time with a lot of parties and merry making. It was also common to give other people small gifts, such as dolls for children and candles for adults. This festival culminated with the celebration of the winter solstice, which fell on December 25 in the Roman calendar. In Scandinavia, a festival called Yule and lasting up to twelve days was held in late December and early January. In this time people burnt logs and held parties. These customs have influences how Christmas Day is celebrated today in the United States.

The Bible does not give a precise date for the birth of Jesus. It is also unclear when December 25 became associated with the birth of Jesus, although it may have been around two hundred years after his birth. In the early centuries of Christianity, the anniversary of the birth of Jesus was not a cause for celebrations. The idea of turning this day into a celebration started in the early Middle Ages in Europe.

During Reformation and up until the middle of the 1800s, Christmas was often not celebrated because partying and merry making was seen as unchristian. From about 1840, celebrating Christmas became more widespread. December 25 was declared a federal holiday in the United States in 1870. Since then Christmas Day has become a steadily more important holiday.

Symbols

A wide range of people and objects represent Christmas. These include baby Jesus, the Nativity and the Three Kings, but also Santa Claus, reindeer and elves. Common objects at this time of year are pine trees, holly, decorations, fairy lights, candles and presents. Christmas Day is now truly a mix of religious celebration and commercial interests.

About Christmas Day in other countries

Read more about Christmas Day.

Christmas Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
TueDec 251990Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
WedDec 251991Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 251992Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 241993Christmas Day observedNational holiday, Christian 
SatDec 251993Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
SunDec 251994Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
MonDec 261994Christmas Day observedNational holiday, Christian 
MonDec 251995Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
WedDec 251996Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
ThuDec 251997Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 251998Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 241999Christmas Day observedNational holiday, Christian 
SatDec 251999Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
MonDec 252000Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
TueDec 252001Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
WedDec 252002Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
ThuDec 252003Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 242004Christmas Day observedNational holiday, Christian 
SatDec 252004Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
SunDec 252005Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
MonDec 262005Christmas Day observedNational holiday, Christian 
MonDec 252006Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
TueDec 252007Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
ThuDec 252008Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 252009Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 242010Christmas Day observedNational holiday, Christian 
SatDec 252010Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
SunDec 252011Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
MonDec 262011Christmas Day observedNational holiday, Christian 
TueDec 252012Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
WedDec 252013Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
ThuDec 252014Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 252015Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
SunDec 252016Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
MonDec 262016Christmas Day observedNational holiday, Christian 
MonDec 252017Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
TueDec 252018Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
WedDec 252019Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 
FriDec 252020Christmas DayNational holiday, Christian 

Related holidays

Other holidays in December 2014 in United States

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