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Confederate Memorial Day in United States

Confederate Memorial Day is a state holiday in some states in the United States. It gives people a chance to honor and remember the Confederate soldiers who died or were wounded during the American Civil War during the 1860s.

US Confederate soldiers' cemetery at Appomattox Courthouse national park in Virginia.
US Confederate soldiers' cemetery at Appomattox Courthouse national park in Virginia.
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Observe Confederate Memorial Day

A range of events are organized on and around Confederate Memorial Day. The Main Library of the University of Georgia marks the occasion by publicly displaying the original Constitution of the Confederate States of America.

Other observances include:

  • Ceremonies to place flags and wreaths on the graves of Confederate soldiers and memorials to them.
  • Church services.
  • Re-enactments (in historical costume) of battles and events from the Civil War.
  • Displays of Civil War relics.

However, this type of observance is controversial, as some see it as glorifying a culture and way of life that could only exist because of the work carried out by slaves.

Public life

Confederate Memorial Day is a state holiday in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia on the fourth Monday in April. In Mississippi it is observed on the last Monday in April. In South Carolina and North Carolina it falls on May 10.

If Confederate Memorial Day falls on Sunday in North Carolina, the following Monday is a public holiday. Confederate Memorial Day is known as Confederate Heroes Day in Texas. It is held on January 19 each year. Only one day off is given to workers if it coincides with Martin Luther King Day.

In these areas, state offices are generally closed. However, Confederate Memorial Day is not a federal holiday and federal offices may be open. Some schools in states like Georgia are also open. Stores and other businesses may be open or closed according to local custom. Public transit services may operate to their normal or reduced schedules. There may be some minor road closures or congestion around war memorials or important battlegrounds.

About Confederate Memorial Day

Between 1861 and 1865, there was a war between the Union and the Confederate States of America. As slavery disappeared from the northern states, but remained viable in the south, two very different ways of life arose in these sections, according to the US Department of the Interior’s National Park Service. Compromises regarding slavery, especially its extension to the new western territories, became more difficult to achieve. Social, political and economic power was at stake for both the north and the south.

The divisions began in 1860 when Abraham Lincoln, who opposed the expansion of slavery, was elected as president of the United States. Seven states in the south declared their secession from the United States before he took office. Southern states maintained various concerns regarding political ideals, property and homes, protection for their families, and economic loss.

The actual war started on April 12, 1861, at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. The last cease-fire was signed at Fort Towson, Oklahoma, on June 23, 1865, although the naval forces on the CSS Shenandoah did not surrender until November 4, 1865 in Liverpool, Great Britain. It is estimated that more than 600,000 soldiers died during the American Civil War and that about 260,000 of these were Confederates. In addition, an unknown number of civilians died in the hostilities.

Those who died fighting for the Confederate States during the American Civil War are remembered on other dates in some states. In Arkansas and Texas, there are joint celebrations of the birthdays of Robert E. Lee (a general in the Confederate army) and Martin Luther King on the third Monday in January. In Texas, this is sometimes known as Confederate Heroes Day. In Kentucky, Louisiana and Tennessee, the birthday of Jefferson Davis (the only President of the Confederate States of America) on June 3, 1808, is observed.

In North and South Carolina, May 10 marks the anniversaries of the death of Thomas Jonathan 'Stonewall' Jackson (a general in the Confederate army) in 1863 and the capture of Jefferson Davis in 1865. In Pennsylvania, the organization known as the Sons of Confederate Veterans commemorates those who died while fighting for the Confederates.  In Virginia, the lives of Confederate soldiers are honored on Memorial Day on the last Monday in May. Confederate Memorial Day was first observed in a number of areas in or just after 1866.

Confederate Memorial Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
FriJan 191990State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 231990Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 301990State HolidayState holidayMississippi
ThuMay 101990State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
ThuMay 101990State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SatJan 191991State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 221991Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 291991State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 101991State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
FriMay 101991State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
SunJan 191992State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 271992Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 271992State HolidayState holidayMississippi
SunMay 101992State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
SunMay 101992State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
MonMay 111992State Holiday observedState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
MonMay 111992State Holiday observedState holidayNorth Carolina
TueJan 191993State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 261993Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 261993State HolidayState holidayMississippi
MonMay 101993State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
MonMay 101993State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
WedJan 191994State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 251994Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 251994State HolidayState holidayMississippi
TueMay 101994State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
TueMay 101994State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
ThuJan 191995State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 241995Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 241995State HolidayState holidayMississippi
WedMay 101995State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
WedMay 101995State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
FriJan 191996State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 221996Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 291996State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 101996State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
FriMay 101996State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SunJan 191997State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 281997Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 281997State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 91997State Holiday observedState holidaySouth Carolina
SatMay 101997State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SatMay 101997State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
MonJan 191998State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 271998Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 271998State HolidayState holidayMississippi
SunMay 101998State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SunMay 101998State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
MonMay 111998State Holiday observedState holidayNorth Carolina
MonMay 111998State Holiday observedState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
TueJan 191999State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 261999Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 261999State HolidayState holidayMississippi
MonMay 101999State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
MonMay 101999State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
WedJan 192000State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 242000Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 242000State HolidayState holidayMississippi
WedMay 102000State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
WedMay 102000State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
FriJan 192001State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 232001Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 302001State HolidayState holidayMississippi
ThuMay 102001State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
ThuMay 102001State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SatJan 192002State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 222002Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 292002State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 102002State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
FriMay 102002State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SunJan 192003State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 282003Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 282003State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 92003State Holiday observedState holidaySouth Carolina
SatMay 102003State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SatMay 102003State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
MonJan 192004State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 262004Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 262004State HolidayState holidayMississippi
MonMay 102004State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
MonMay 102004State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
WedJan 192005State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 252005Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 252005State HolidayState holidayMississippi
TueMay 102005State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
TueMay 102005State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
ThuJan 192006State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 242006Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 242006State HolidayState holidayMississippi
WedMay 102006State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
WedMay 102006State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
FriJan 192007State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 232007Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 302007State HolidayState holidayMississippi
ThuMay 102007State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
ThuMay 102007State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
SatJan 192008State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 282008Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 282008State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 92008State Holiday observedState holidaySouth Carolina
SatMay 102008State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
SatMay 102008State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
MonJan 192009State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 272009Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 272009State HolidayState holidayMississippi
SunMay 102009State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SunMay 102009State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
MonMay 112009State Holiday observedState holidayNorth Carolina
MonMay 112009State Holiday observedState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
TueJan 192010State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 262010Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 262010State HolidayState holidayMississippi
MonMay 102010State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
MonMay 102010State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
WedJan 192011State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 252011Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 252011State HolidayState holidayMississippi
TueMay 102011State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
TueMay 102011State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
ThuJan 192012State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 232012Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 302012State HolidayState holidayMississippi
ThuMay 102012State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
ThuMay 102012State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
SatJan 192013State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 222013Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 292013State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 102013State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina, South Carolina
FriMay 102013State HolidayState holidayNorth Carolina
SunJan 192014State HolidayState holidayTexas
SatApr 262014State HolidayLocal observanceFlorida
MonApr 282014Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 282014State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 92014State Holiday observedState holidaySouth Carolina
SatMay 102014State HolidayLocal observanceNorth Carolina
SatMay 102014State HolidayState holidaySouth Carolina
MonJan 192015State HolidayState holidayTexas
SunApr 262015State HolidayLocal observanceFlorida
MonApr 272015Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAL, FL, GA
MonApr 272015State HolidayState holidayMississippi
SunMay 102015State HolidayLocal observanceNorth Carolina
SunMay 102015State HolidayState holidaySouth Carolina
MonMay 112015State Holiday observedState holidaySouth Carolina
TueJan 192016State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 252016Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAlabama, Florida
MonApr 252016State HolidayState holidayMississippi
MonApr 252016State HolidayState holidayGeorgia
TueApr 262016State HolidayLocal observanceFlorida
TueMay 102016State HolidayLocal observanceNorth Carolina
TueMay 102016State HolidayState holidaySouth Carolina
ThuJan 192017State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 242017Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAlabama, Florida
MonApr 242017State HolidayState holidayGeorgia
MonApr 242017State HolidayState holidayMississippi
WedApr 262017State HolidayLocal observanceFlorida
WedMay 102017State HolidayLocal observanceNorth Carolina
WedMay 102017State HolidayState holidaySouth Carolina
FriJan 192018State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 232018Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAlabama, Florida
MonApr 232018State HolidayState holidayGeorgia
ThuApr 262018State HolidayLocal observanceFlorida
MonApr 302018State HolidayState holidayMississippi
ThuMay 102018State HolidayState holidaySouth Carolina
ThuMay 102018State HolidayLocal observanceNorth Carolina
SatJan 192019State HolidayState holidayTexas
MonApr 222019Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAlabama, Florida
MonApr 222019State HolidayState holidayGeorgia
FriApr 262019State HolidayLocal observanceFlorida
MonApr 292019State HolidayState holidayMississippi
FriMay 102019State HolidayLocal observanceNorth Carolina
FriMay 102019State HolidayState holidaySouth Carolina
SunJan 192020State HolidayState holidayTexas
SunApr 262020State HolidayLocal observanceFlorida
MonApr 272020Confederate Memorial DayState holidayAlabama, Florida
MonApr 272020State HolidayState holidayGeorgia
MonApr 272020State HolidayState holidayMississippi
SunMay 102020State HolidayLocal observanceNorth Carolina
SunMay 102020State HolidayState holidaySouth Carolina
MonMay 112020State Holiday observedState holidaySouth Carolina

Quick Facts

On Confederate Memorial Day remembers the soldiers who died fighting for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1861-1865). It is a state holiday in some parts of the United States.

Confederate Memorial Day 2015

Monday, January 19, 2015 (local in Texas)
Sunday, April 26, 2015 (local in Florida)
Monday, April 27, 2015 (local in Alabama, Florida, Georgia)
Monday, April 27, 2015 (local in Mississippi)
Sunday, May 10, 2015 (local in North Carolina)
Sunday, May 10, 2015 (local in South Carolina)
Monday, May 11, 2015 – Observed date (local in South Carolina)

Confederate Memorial Day 2016

Tuesday, January 19, 2016 (local in Texas)
Monday, April 25, 2016 (local in Alabama, Florida)
Monday, April 25, 2016 (local in Mississippi)
Monday, April 25, 2016 (local in Georgia)
Tuesday, April 26, 2016 (local in Florida)
Tuesday, May 10, 2016 (local in North Carolina)
Tuesday, May 10, 2016 (local in South Carolina)

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Name in other languages

NameLanguage
Confederate Memorial DayEnglish
Recuerdo de la ConfederaciónSpanish
יום זכרון הקונפדרציהHebrew
يوم الكونفدرالية التذكاريةArabic
동맹 현충일Korean
Südstaaten-Gedenktag (Confederate Memorial Day)German

Alternative names

NameLanguage
Confederate Hroes DayEnglish
Día de los Héroes de la ConfederaciónSpanish
List of dates for other years

Related holidays

Other holidays in May 2016 in United States

Fun Holiday on May 10, 2016

Other calendars

Related links