Muharram in United States
Quick FactsThe first day of Muharram, which is the first month in the Islamic calendar, marks the start of the Islamic New Year.
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Muharram 2014Saturday, October 25, 2014
Muharram 2015Thursday, October 15, 2015
Note: Regional customs or moon sightings may cause a variation of the date for Islamic holidays, which begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday. The Islamic calendar is lunar and the days begin at sunset, so there may be one-day error depending on when the New Moon is first seen.
List of dates for other years
Many Muslims in countries such as the United States observe the start of the Islamic New Year on the first day of Muharram, which is the first month in the Islamic calendar.
What do people do?
Some Islamic organizations in the United States post announcements reminding people of the first day of Muharram prior to the event. Muharram is one of the four sanctified months in the Islamic calendar. Some Muslim Americans choose to fast during this month, although fasting is not obligatory. Many Muslims engage in voluntary prayer, including evening prayer, during Muharram.
The Day of Ashura (or Ashurah) is known as the most sacred day in the month of Muharram. It is the 10th day of Muharram and is a day of fasting for many Sunni Muslims. Many Shi’a Muslims use the day to commemorate the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali in 680 CE. Some Muslims give to charity on this day.
The first day of Muharram is an Islamic observance and is not a federal public holiday in the United States.
Muharram is the first month in the Islamic year and a time of mourning and peace. It is forbidden for Muslims to fight during this month. A number of important events in Islamic history have occurred during this month. These include:
- The Battle of Karbala (currently in Iraq) in the year 680 CE, which enabled Husayn ibn Ali, a grandson of the Prophet Muhammed, and his army to enter the city on the first day of the month.
- The restriction of Husayn ibn Ali's access to water on the seventh day.
- The death of Husayn ibn Ali and his clan (Ahl al-Bayt) on the 10th day of the month.
The Shi'a and Sunni denominations of Islam attach different weights to these events and mark them in different ways.
About Muharram in other countriesRead more about Muharram.
Muharram ObservancesNote: Regional customs or moon sightings may cause a variation of the date for Islamic holidays, which begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday. The Islamic calendar is lunar and the days begin at sunset, so there may be one-day error depending on when the New Moon is first seen.
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Other holidays in October 2014 in United States
- International Day of Older Persons ―Wednesday, October 1, 2014
- International Day of Non-Violence ―Thursday, October 2, 2014
- Feast of St Francis of Assisi ―Saturday, October 4, 2014
- Yom Kippur ―Saturday, October 4, 2014
- Eid al-Adha ―Sunday, October 5, 2014
- World Teachers' Day ―Sunday, October 5, 2014
- World Habitat Day ―Monday, October 6, 2014
- Child Health Day ―Monday, October 6, 2014
- International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction ―Wednesday, October 8, 2014
- First Day of Sukkot ―Thursday, October 9, 2014
- World Post Day ―Thursday, October 9, 2014
- World Sight Day ―Thursday, October 9, 2014
- Leif Erikson Day ―Thursday, October 9, 2014
- World Mental Health Day ―Friday, October 10, 2014
- International Day of the Girl Child ―Saturday, October 11, 2014
- Columbus Day ―Monday, October 13, 2014
- Native Americans' Day ―Monday, October 13, 2014
- Indigenous People's Day ―Monday, October 13, 2014
- Last Day of Sukkot ―Wednesday, October 15, 2014
- International Day of Rural Women ―Wednesday, October 15, 2014
- White Cane Safety Day ―Wednesday, October 15, 2014
- Shmini Atzeret ―Thursday, October 16, 2014
- World Food Day ―Thursday, October 16, 2014
- Boss's Day ―Thursday, October 16, 2014
- International Day for the Eradication of Poverty ―Friday, October 17, 2014
- Alaska Day ―Friday, October 17, 2014
- Alaska Day ―Saturday, October 18, 2014
- Diwali/Deepavali ―Thursday, October 23, 2014
- World Development Information Day ―Friday, October 24, 2014
- United Nations Day ―Friday, October 24, 2014
- World Day for Audiovisual Heritage ―Monday, October 27, 2014
- World Stroke Day ―Wednesday, October 29, 2014
- Halloween ―Friday, October 31, 2014
- Nevada Day ―Friday, October 31, 2014
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