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Native Americans' Day in United States

Quick Facts

Native Americans' Day is celebrated in the state of South Dakota, while Indigenous People's Day is celebrated in Berkeley, California, on the second Monday of October.

Local names

NameLanguage
Native Americans' DayEnglish
Día de los Nativos AmericanosSpanish
יום אינדיאניHebrew
الأمريكيين اليومArabic
아메리카 원주민의 날Korean
Native Americans' DayGerman

Alternative names

NameLanguage
Indigenous People's DayEnglish
Día de los IndigenasSpanish
Indigenous People's DayGerman

Native Americans' Day 2014

Friday, September 26, 2014 (California, Washington)
Monday, October 13, 2014 (local in South Dakota)
Monday, October 13, 2014 (local in California)

Native Americans' Day 2015

Friday, September 25, 2015 (California, Washington)
Monday, October 12, 2015 (local in South Dakota)
Monday, October 12, 2015 (local in California)
List of dates for other years

The second Monday of October annually marks Columbus Day in many parts the United States but not all states or region follow this observance. Instead, they celebrate other events on the day. For example, South Dakota's official holiday on this date is Native Americans' Day (also known as Native American Day), while people in Berkeley, California, celebrate Indigenous People's Day.

Many Native Americans take part in celebrating Native Americans' Day or Indigenous People's Day in the United States through activities such as pow wows.

©iStockphoto.com/Juan Monino

What do people do?

In South Dakota people celebrate Native Americans' Day through learning from educational resources that focus on the traditions, culture and background of Native Americans. It is a day to celebrate the heritage of Native Americans and for both native and non-native cultures to unite so the many aspects of native culture can be shared. 

In Berkeley, California, some organizations, community groups and churches support the day through awareness-raising activities about the history, culture and traditions of indigenous peoples of the United States. Cultural activities such as markets and pow wows, which are gatherings of North America's indigenous people, are held. In modern times, pow wows involve dancing, singing, socializing and celebrating Native American culture.

Public life

Native Americans' Day is a public holiday in South Dakota and in Berkeley, California, instead of Columbus Day. Government offices are closed, as are many businesses and schools. Services such as police and fire departments, as well as emergency health services, may be available on this day. It is also a statewide observance in all of California on the fourth Friday of September.

Background

In 1989 the South Dakota legislature unanimously passed legislation to proclaim 1990 as the “Year of Reconciliation” for Native Americans and to change Columbus Day to Native American Day. Since 1990 the second Monday in October has been celebrated as Native American Day in South Dakota.

In 1992 Columbus Day was no longer observed in Berkeley, California, but Indigenous People's Day would be celebrated instead on the second Monday in October.  The city has been known for its political correctness and its officials designated 1992 as the Year of Indigenous People. In addition, in 1998 the California Assembly declared Native American Day as an official annual statewide observance on the fourth Friday of September.

Native Americans' Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
MonOct 81990Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 141991Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 121992Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 121992Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
MonOct 111993Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 111993Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
MonOct 101994Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 101994Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
MonOct 91995Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 91995Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
MonOct 141996Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 141996Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
MonOct 131997Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 131997Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 251998Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 121998Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 121998Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 241999Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 111999Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 111999Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 222000Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 92000Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 92000Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 282001Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 82001Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 82001Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 272002Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 142002Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 142002Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 262003Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 132003Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 132003Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 242004Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 112004Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 112004Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 232005Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 102005Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 102005Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 222006Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 92006Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 92006Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 282007Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 82007Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 82007Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 262008Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 132008Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 132008Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 252009Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 122009Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 122009Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 242010Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 112010Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 112010Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 232011Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 102011Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 102011Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 282012Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 82012Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 82012Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 272013Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 142013Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 142013Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 262014Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 132014Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 132014Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 252015Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 122015Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 122015Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 232016Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 102016Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 102016Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 222017Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 92017Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 92017Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 282018Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 82018Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 82018Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 272019Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 142019Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 142019Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia
FriSep 252020Native Americans' DayObservanceCalifornia, Washington
MonOct 122020Native Americans' DayState holidaySouth Dakota
MonOct 122020Indigenous People's DayState holidayCalifornia

Related holidays

Other holidays in October 2014 in United States

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