Lord Howe Island’s Time
Australia’s Lord Howe Island is 10 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (or UTC+10:30) when it is not on daylight saving time (DST). The island is part of the Australian state of New South Wales and is located about 600km (about 373 miles) northeast of Sydney. timeanddate.com explores the background of Lord Howe Island’s time zone.
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What Time Zone Does Lord Howe Island Observe?
Lord Howe Island is on UTC+10:30, which is 30 minutes ahead of Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST), when it is not on DST. The island moves its clocks half an hour (or 30 minutes) forward to UTC+11, which is Australian Eastern Daylight Time (AEDT), when it is on DST.
The time zones on the island are known as “Standard Time” (Lord Howe Island’s standard time) and “Summer Time” (Lord Howe Island’s daylight saving time). Sometimes people refer the time on the island as simply “LHI time” (the term “LHI” being an abbreviation for Lord Howe Island), particularly when making appointments for communication between the island and mainland Australia, or noting visiting aircrafts’ and vessels’ arrival time.
Who is Responsible for the Island’s Time?
New South Wales’ time keeping, which includes the time for Lord Howe Island, is controlled by the Standard Time Act 1987. This Act prescribes that Lord Howe Island’s standard time UTC+10:30. The previous Standard Time Act 1971 officially prescribed this time zone.
History of Lord Howe Island’s TimeThere is a written note in government records that indicates that Lord Howe Island’s practice of maintaining a 30-minute difference with mainland New South Wales was observed as early as 1904, according to a government source. This exact evidence, however, has not been located. DST operated nationally in Australia during World War I from January 1, 1917, to March 25, 1917. DST in Australia operated during World War II, as follows:
- From January 1, 1942, to March 29, 1942.
- From September 27, 1942, to March 28, 1943.
- From October 3, 1943, to March 26, 1944 (except Western Australia).
Lord Howe Island previously moved the clock forward by a full hour during DST when the schedule was reintroduced under the Standard Time Act 1971. A referendum on DST in New South Wales (which Lord Howe Island is part of) was held on May 1, 1976. Most voters favored daylight saving time to be adopted on a permanent basis. The island observed the normal one-hour DST during the 1970s. However, this changed during the early 1980s when a governor’s order stated that DST on Lord Howe Island would be 30 minutes ahead of AEST, thus being on the same time zone as many parts of New South Wales when the state observes DST.
The island’s community was never united on the matter of having a half-hour DST and many community consultations occurred, including referenda in 1988 and 2000. Many residents voted to be on the same time as mainland New South Wales during DST by remain 30 minutes ahead of its standard time during the DST schedule.
Note: timeanddate.com would like to thank the Lord Howe Island Board and the New South Wales Attorney-General’s Department for some of the information for this article.
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