Time Zones and DST in Europe
Europe is divided into 4 main time zones that span from UTC +0 hours in western European countries to UTC +3 hours in Belarus and parts of Russia.
DST in Europe
The Daylight Saving Time (DST) period in Europe runs from 01:00 Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) on the last Sunday of March to 01:00 UTC on the last Sunday of October every year. Iceland does not observe DST.
As Europe spans several time zones, the local times for the switch vary. To find out local times for the DST switches, please see the table below.
Europe’s Time Zones
|Europe's 4 main Time Zones|
|Western Europe||Central Europe||Eastern Europe||Belarus and|
|Non-daylight saving period||Western European Time (WET) and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)*.|
Time zone offset from UTC: none.
|Central European Time (CET).|
Time zone offset: UTC+1.
|Eastern European Time (EET).|
Time zone offset: UTC+2.
Time zone offset: UTC+3
|Daylight saving period||Western European Summer Time (WEST),|
as well as British Summer Time (BST)
Irish Summer Time (IST).
Time zone offset: UTC+1
|Central European Summer Time (CEST).|
Time zone offset: UTC+2.
|Eastern European Summer Time (EEST).|
Time zone offset: UTC+3.
|What time does DST start?||At 1am (01:00) local time, the clocks move forward to 2am (02:00) local time, except in Iceland.||At 2am (02:00) local time, the clocks move forward to 3am (03:00) local time.||At 3am (03:00) local time, the clocks move forward to 4am (04:00) local time.||No DST|
|What time does DST end?||At 2am (02:00) local time, the clocks move back to 1am (01:00) local time, except in Iceland.||At 3am (03:00) local time, the clocks move back to 2am (02:00) local time.||The clocks move back from 4am (04:00) to 3am (03:00) local time.||No DST|
*GMT has the same time as WET. Iceland, Ireland and the United Kingdom observe GMT. Iceland does not observe DST so it remains on GMT all year round. Ireland switches from GMT to Irish Standard Time (IST) when DST starts. The UK switches from GMT to British Summer Time (BST) when it starts DST. The UK is not on GMT during the DST period.
It is also important to note that whilst two time zones mentioned in the table above relate to regions in Russia, there are actually 9 time zones within Russia. See information on interesting time-related facts about Europe.
Note: Any mention of summer and winter in this article refers to the seasons in the northern hemisphere.
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