Home > Time Zones > World Clock > Air Distance Graph

Distance from Al-Hasakah to ...

Distance:
Heading:

Graph showing distances and directions to other locations. Click arrows to see the route on a map. Learn more about the distance graph.
Distance Calculator – Find distance between any two locations.

Al-Hasakah Coordinates

location of Al-Hasakah
Latitude: 36° 30' North
Longitude: 40° 45' East

Distance to ...

North Pole:3,704 mi
Equator:2,511 mi
South Pole:8,727 mi

Locations around this latitude

Locations around this longitude

Locations farthest away from Al-Hasakah

How far is it from Al-Hasakah to locations worldwide

Current local times and distance from Al-Hasakah

LocationLocal timeDistanceDirection
Syria - Al-HasakahSun 1:00 PM---
Syria - Deir ez-ZorSun 1:00 PM140 km87 miles76 nmSouth-southwest SSW
Turkey - DiyarbakırSun 1:00 PM163 km101 miles88 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Syria - Ar-RaqqahSun 1:00 PM168 km104 miles91 nmWest-southwest WSW
Iraq - MosulSun 2:00 PM215 km133 miles116 nmEast E
Iraq - IrbilSun 2:00 PM296 km184 miles160 nmEast E
Turkey - MalatyaSun 1:00 PM298 km185 miles161 nmNorthwest NW
Turkey - GaziantepSun 1:00 PM307 km191 miles166 nmWest-northwest WNW
Syria - AleppoSun 1:00 PM324 km201 miles175 nmWest W
Iraq - KirkukSun 2:00 PM350 km218 miles189 nmEast-southeast ESE
Turkey - ErzurumSun 1:00 PM380 km236 miles205 nmNorth N
Iran - UrmiaSun 2:30 PM402 km250 miles217 nmEast-northeast ENE
Syria - HomsSun 1:00 PM415 km258 miles224 nmWest-southwest WSW
Iraq - SulaimaniyaSun 2:00 PM437 km271 miles236 nmEast-southeast ESE
Iran - MahabadSun 2:30 PM446 km277 miles241 nmEast E
Syria - LatakiaSun 1:00 PM461 km287 miles249 nmWest-southwest WSW
Turkey - AdanaSun 1:00 PM488 km303 miles263 nmWest W
Iraq - BaghdadSun 2:00 PM488 km303 miles264 nmSoutheast SE
Lebanon - TripoliSun 1:00 PM501 km312 miles271 nmWest-southwest WSW
Turkey - TrabzonSun 1:00 PM508 km316 miles274 nmNorth N
Azerbaijan - NakhchivanSun 3:00 PM508 km316 miles275 nmNortheast NE
Iran - TabrizSun 2:30 PM522 km325 miles282 nmEast-northeast ENE
Armenia - YerevanSun 3:00 PM523 km325 miles283 nmNortheast NE
Syria - DamascusSun 1:00 PM524 km326 miles283 nmSouthwest SW
Turkey - KayseriSun 1:00 PM527 km327 miles284 nmWest-northwest WNW
Iraq - KarbalaSun 2:00 PM529 km329 miles285 nmSoutheast SE
Lebanon - ZahléSun 1:00 PM531 km330 miles287 nmWest-southwest WSW
Armenia - YeghegnadzorSun 3:00 PM540 km336 miles292 nmNortheast NE
Armenia - GyumriSun 3:00 PM547 km340 miles295 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Turkey - MersinSun 1:00 PM549 km341 miles296 nmWest W
Lebanon - BeirutSun 1:00 PM560 km348 miles302 nmWest-southwest WSW
Iraq - HillaSun 2:00 PM562 km349 miles303 nmSoutheast SE
Armenia - SisianSun 3:00 PM572 km356 miles309 nmNortheast NE
Armenia - GavarSun 3:00 PM573 km356 miles309 nmNortheast NE
Georgia - BatumiSun 3:00 PM576 km358 miles311 nmNorth N
Armenia - VanadzorSun 3:00 PM578 km359 miles312 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Iran - SanandajSun 2:30 PM579 km360 miles313 nmEast-southeast ESE
Armenia - KapanSun 3:00 PM582 km361 miles314 nmEast-northeast ENE
Lebanon - SidonSun 1:00 PM589 km366 miles318 nmWest-southwest WSW
Iraq - NajafSun 2:00 PM600 km373 miles324 nmSoutheast SE
Syria - DaraaSun 1:00 PM605 km376 miles327 nmSouthwest SW
Jordan - IrbidSun 1:00 PM627 km390 miles339 nmSouthwest SW
Azerbaijan - Nagorno-Karabakh - XankendiSun 3:00 PM643 km400 miles347 nmNortheast NE
Jordan - ZarqaSun 1:00 PM652 km405 miles352 nmSouthwest SW
Turkey - SamsunSun 1:00 PM655 km407 miles354 nmNorthwest NW
Georgia - KutaisiSun 3:00 PM661 km411 miles357 nmNorth-northeast NNE
West Bank - JeninSun 1:00 PM672 km417 miles363 nmSouthwest SW
Jordan - AmmanSun 1:00 PM672 km418 miles363 nmSouthwest SW
Azerbaijan - GanjaSun 3:00 PM673 km418 miles364 nmNortheast NE
Georgia - TbilisiSun 3:00 PM676 km420 miles365 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Cyprus - NicosiaSun 1:00 PM683 km424 miles369 nmWest W
Azerbaijan - AghjabadiSun 3:00 PM706 km439 miles381 nmNortheast NE
Azerbaijan - MingachevirSun 3:00 PM724 km450 miles391 nmNortheast NE
Israel - JerusalemSun 1:00 PM731 km454 miles395 nmSouthwest SW
Israel - Tel AvivSun 1:00 PM737 km458 miles398 nmSouthwest SW
West Bank - BethlehemSun 1:00 PM739 km459 miles399 nmSouthwest SW
Turkey - KonyaSun 1:00 PM748 km465 miles404 nmWest-northwest WNW
Azerbaijan - LankaranSun 3:00 PM757 km470 miles409 nmEast-northeast ENE
Turkey - AnkaraSun 1:00 PM788 km490 miles426 nmWest-northwest WNW
Russia - SochiSun 2:00 PM791 km492 miles427 nmNorth N
Iran - RashtSun 2:30 PM793 km493 miles428 nmEast E
Gaza Strip - GazaSun 1:00 PM803 km499 miles433 nmSouthwest SW
Azerbaijan - ShirvanSun 3:00 PM810 km503 miles437 nmEast-northeast ENE
Azerbaijan - ShamakhiSun 3:00 PM826 km513 miles446 nmNortheast NE
Azerbaijan - KhachmazSun 3:00 PM888 km552 miles480 nmNortheast NE
Turkey - AntalyaSun 1:00 PM898 km558 miles485 nmWest W
Azerbaijan - SumqayitSun 3:00 PM900 km559 miles486 nmEast-northeast ENE
Azerbaijan - BakuSun 3:00 PM905 km562 miles489 nmEast-northeast ENE
Iran - KarajSun 2:30 PM923 km573 miles498 nmEast E
Iran - AhvazSun 2:30 PM932 km579 miles503 nmSoutheast SE
Iraq - BasraSun 2:00 PM935 km581 miles505 nmSoutheast SE
Iran - TehranSun 2:30 PM965 km599 miles521 nmEast E
Turkey - EskişehirSun 1:00 PM967 km601 miles522 nmWest-northwest WNW
Kuwait - Kuwait CitySun 2:00 PM1044 km649 miles564 nmSoutheast SE
Russia - SimferopolSun 2:00 PM1093 km679 miles590 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Turkey - BursaSun 1:00 PM1100 km683 miles594 nmWest-northwest WNW
Turkey - IstanbulSun 1:00 PM1138 km707 miles614 nmWest-northwest WNW
Egypt - CairoSun 1:00 PM1138 km707 miles615 nmSouthwest SW
Egypt - Al JizahSun 1:00 PM1143 km710 miles617 nmSouthwest SW
Egypt - AlexandriaSun 1:00 PM1158 km720 miles625 nmWest-southwest WSW
Turkey - IzmirSun 1:00 PM1220 km758 miles659 nmWest-northwest WNW
Saudi Arabia - MedinaSun 2:00 PM1339 km832 miles723 nmSouth S
Ukraine - OdesaSun 1:00 PM1386 km861 miles748 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Saudi Arabia - RiyadhSun 2:00 PM1433 km891 miles774 nmSouth-southeast SSE
Bahrain - ManamaSun 2:00 PM1476 km917 miles797 nmSoutheast SE
Greece - AthensSun 1:00 PM1517 km943 miles819 nmWest-northwest WNW
Romania - BucharestSun 1:00 PM1519 km944 miles820 nmNorthwest NW
Moldova - ChisinauSun 1:00 PM1528 km950 miles825 nmNorthwest NW
Turkmenistan - AshgabatSun 4:00 PM1572 km977 miles849 nmEast-northeast ENE
Qatar - DohaSun 2:00 PM1613 km1002 miles871 nmSoutheast SE
Bulgaria - SofiaSun 1:00 PM1643 km1021 miles887 nmWest-northwest WNW
Saudi Arabia - MakkahSun 2:00 PM1673 km1039 miles903 nmSouth S
Ukraine - KyivSun 1:00 PM1752 km1089 miles946 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Macedonia, Republic of - SkopjeSun 12:00 Noon1771 km1100 miles956 nmWest-northwest WNW
Kosovo - PristinaSun 12:00 Noon1810 km1125 miles977 nmWest-northwest WNW
Kazakhstan - OralSun 4:00 PM1841 km1144 miles994 nmNorth-northeast NNE
United Arab Emirates - Dubai - DubaiSun 3:00 PM1863 km1158 miles1006 nmSoutheast SE
United Arab Emirates - Abu Dhabi - Abu DhabiSun 3:00 PM1867 km1160 miles1008 nmSoutheast SE
Albania - TiranaSun 12:00 Noon1889 km1174 miles1020 nmWest-northwest WNW
Serbia - BelgradeSun 12:00 Noon1940 km1206 miles1048 nmNorthwest NW
Montenegro - PodgoricaSun 12:00 Noon1956 km1216 miles1056 nmWest-northwest WNW
Russia - SamaraSun 3:00 PM1994 km1239 miles1077 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Kazakhstan - AqtobeSun 4:00 PM2019 km1255 miles1090 nmNortheast NE
Bosnia-Herzegovina - SarajevoSun 12:00 Noon2060 km1280 miles1113 nmWest-northwest WNW
Russia - MoscowSun 2:00 PM2152 km1337 miles1162 nmNorth N
Hungary - BudapestSun 12:00 Noon2161 km1343 miles1167 nmNorthwest NW
Belarus - MinskSun 2:00 PM2185 km1358 miles1180 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Oman - MuscatSun 3:00 PM2227 km1384 miles1202 nmSoutheast SE
Russia - KazanSun 2:00 PM2232 km1387 miles1205 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Croatia - ZagrebSun 12:00 Noon2309 km1435 miles1247 nmNorthwest NW
Slovakia - BratislavaSun 12:00 Noon2323 km1444 miles1254 nmNorthwest NW
Poland - WarsawSun 12:00 Noon2338 km1453 miles1262 nmNorthwest NW
Russia - UfaSun 4:00 PM2338 km1453 miles1263 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Lithuania - VilniusSun 1:00 PM2341 km1455 miles1264 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Eritrea - AsmaraSun 2:00 PM2352 km1462 miles1270 nmSouth S
Malta - VallettaSun 12:00 Noon2353 km1462 miles1271 nmWest W
Yemen - SanaSun 2:00 PM2368 km1472 miles1279 nmSouth S
Austria - Vienna - ViennaSun 12:00 Noon2377 km1477 miles1283 nmNorthwest NW
Slovenia - LjubljanaSun 12:00 Noon2425 km1507 miles1309 nmNorthwest NW
Sudan - KhartoumSun 2:00 PM2454 km1525 miles1325 nmSouth-southwest SSW
Tajikistan - DushanbeSun 4:00 PM2478 km1540 miles1338 nmEast-northeast ENE
Italy - RomeSun 12:00 Noon2502 km1554 miles1351 nmWest-northwest WNW
Vatican City State - Vatican CitySun 12:00 Noon2504 km1556 miles1352 nmWest-northwest WNW
Uzbekistan - TashkentSun 4:00 PM2514 km1562 miles1358 nmEast-northeast ENE
San Marino - San MarinoSun 12:00 Noon2532 km1573 miles1367 nmWest-northwest WNW
Russia - NovgorodSun 2:00 PM2541 km1579 miles1372 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Russia - KaliningradSun 1:00 PM2548 km1583 miles1376 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Libya - TripoliSun 1:00 PM2548 km1584 miles1376 nmWest W
Afghanistan - KabulSun 3:30 PM2578 km1602 miles1392 nmEast E
Latvia - RigaSun 1:00 PM2589 km1609 miles1398 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Czech Republic - PragueSun 12:00 Noon2593 km1611 miles1400 nmNorthwest NW
Russia - ChelyabinskSun 4:00 PM2602 km1617 miles1405 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Russia - PermSun 4:00 PM2647 km1645 miles1429 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Russia - YekaterinburgSun 4:00 PM2703 km1680 miles1460 nmNorth-northeast NNE
Tunisia - TunisSun 12:00 Noon2723 km1692 miles1470 nmWest W
Djibouti - DjiboutiSun 2:00 PM2770 km1721 miles1496 nmSouth S
Germany - Berlin - BerlinSun 12:00 Noon2782 km1728 miles1502 nmNorthwest NW
Estonia - TallinnSun 1:00 PM2799 km1739 miles1511 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Pakistan - Sindh - KarachiSun 4:00 PM2818 km1751 miles1521 nmEast-southeast ESE
Finland - HelsinkiSun 1:00 PM2863 km1779 miles1546 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Switzerland - Zurich - ZürichSun 12:00 Noon2904 km1805 miles1568 nmNorthwest NW
Kazakhstan - AstanaSun 5:00 PM2928 km1819 miles1581 nmNortheast NE
Monaco - MonacoSun 12:00 Noon2930 km1821 miles1582 nmWest-northwest WNW
Pakistan - IslamabadSun 4:00 PM2948 km1832 miles1592 nmEast E
Kyrgyzstan - BishkekSun 5:00 PM2966 km1843 miles1602 nmEast-northeast ENE
Germany - Hesse - FrankfurtSun 12:00 Noon2975 km1849 miles1607 nmNorthwest NW
Switzerland - Bern - BernSun 12:00 Noon2977 km1850 miles1607 nmWest-northwest WNW
Denmark - CopenhagenSun 12:00 Noon3009 km1869 miles1624 nmNorthwest NW
Sweden - StockholmSun 12:00 Noon3019 km1876 miles1630 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Ethiopia - Addis AbabaSun 2:00 PM3051 km1896 miles1647 nmSouth S
Pakistan - LahoreSun 4:00 PM3130 km1945 miles1690 nmEast E
Luxembourg - LuxembourgSun 12:00 Noon3136 km1948 miles1693 nmNorthwest NW
Kazakhstan - AlmatySun 5:00 PM3157 km1962 miles1705 nmEast-northeast ENE
Russia - OmskSun 5:00 PM3216 km1998 miles1737 nmNortheast NE
Belgium - BrusselsSun 12:00 Noon3294 km2046 miles1778 nmNorthwest NW
Netherlands - AmsterdamSun 12:00 Noon3305 km2054 miles1785 nmNorthwest NW
Algeria - AlgiersSun 12:00 Noon3349 km2081 miles1808 nmWest-northwest WNW
Spain - Barcelona - BarcelonaSun 12:00 Noon3359 km2087 miles1814 nmWest-northwest WNW
Norway - OsloSun 12:00 Noon3370 km2094 miles1819 nmNorth-northwest NNW
France - ParisSun 12:00 Noon3389 km2106 miles1830 nmNorthwest NW
Finland - KemiSun 1:00 PM3420 km2125 miles1846 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Finland - RovaniemiSun 1:00 PM3475 km2159 miles1876 nmNorth-northwest NNW
India - Delhi - New DelhiSun 4:30 PM3512 km2182 miles1896 nmEast E
United Kingdom - England - LondonSun 11:00 AM3614 km2246 miles1951 nmNorthwest NW
South Sudan - JubaSun 2:00 PM3628 km2254 miles1959 nmSouth-southwest SSW
India - Maharashtra - MumbaiSun 4:30 PM3686 km2290 miles1990 nmEast-southeast ESE
Chad - NdjamenaSun 12:00 Noon3731 km2318 miles2014 nmSouthwest SW
Russia - NovosibirskSun 5:00 PM3790 km2355 miles2046 nmNortheast NE
Somalia - MogadishuSun 2:00 PM3845 km2389 miles2076 nmSouth S
Spain - MadridSun 12:00 Noon3863 km2400 miles2086 nmWest-northwest WNW
United Kingdom - Scotland - EdinburghSun 11:00 AM3924 km2438 miles2119 nmNorthwest NW
Norway - HammerfestSun 12:00 Noon3933 km2444 miles2124 nmNorth N
Russia - Belushya GubaSun 2:00 PM3957 km2459 miles2137 nmNorth N
Isle of Man - DouglasSun 11:00 AM3960 km2460 miles2138 nmNorthwest NW
China - Xinjiang - ÜrümqiSun 7:00 PM4019 km2497 miles2170 nmEast-northeast ENE
Ireland - DublinSun 11:00 AM4061 km2523 miles2193 nmNorthwest NW
Uganda - KampalaSun 2:00 PM4094 km2544 miles2211 nmSouth-southwest SSW
Gibraltar - GibraltarSun 12:00 Noon4099 km2547 miles2213 nmWest-northwest WNW
Kenya - NairobiSun 2:00 PM4203 km2612 miles2269 nmSouth S
Central African Republic - BanguiSun 12:00 Noon4221 km2623 miles2279 nmSouthwest SW
Nepal - KathmanduSun 4:45 PM4279 km2659 miles2311 nmEast E
Morocco - RabatSun 11:00 AM4295 km2669 miles2319 nmWest W
Mongolia - HovdSun 6:00 PM4304 km2674 miles2324 nmEast-northeast ENE
Faroe Islands - Faroe Islands - TórshavnSun 11:00 AM4315 km2681 miles2330 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Portugal - LisbonSun 11:00 AM4357 km2707 miles2352 nmWest-northwest WNW
Morocco - CasablancaSun 11:00 AM4378 km2720 miles2364 nmWest W
Rwanda - KigaliSun 1:00 PM4399 km2733 miles2375 nmSouth-southwest SSW
India - Karnataka - BangaloreSun 4:30 PM4501 km2797 miles2430 nmEast-southeast ESE
Nigeria - AbujaSun 12:00 Noon4528 km2814 miles2445 nmSouthwest SW
Burundi - BujumburaSun 1:00 PM4570 km2840 miles2468 nmSouth-southwest SSW
Niger - NiameySun 12:00 Noon4610 km2864 miles2489 nmWest-southwest WSW
Bhutan - ThimphuSun 5:00 PM4678 km2907 miles2526 nmEast E
Cameroon - YaoundéSun 12:00 Noon4693 km2916 miles2534 nmSouthwest SW
Tanzania - DodomaSun 2:00 PM4753 km2953 miles2566 nmSouth S
Tanzania - Dar es SalaamSun 2:00 PM4798 km2981 miles2591 nmSouth S
Seychelles - VictoriaSun 3:00 PM4803 km2984 miles2593 nmSouth-southeast SSE
India - West Bengal - KolkataSun 4:30 PM4812 km2990 miles2598 nmEast E
Equatorial Guinea - MalaboSun 12:00 Noon4883 km3034 miles2637 nmSouthwest SW
Maldives - MaleSun 4:00 PM4902 km3046 miles2647 nmSoutheast SE
Bangladesh - DhakaSun 5:00 PM4934 km3066 miles2664 nmEast E
Burkina Faso - OuagadougouSun 11:00 AM4993 km3102 miles2696 nmWest-southwest WSW
Nigeria - LagosSun 12:00 Noon5051 km3138 miles2727 nmWest-southwest WSW
Benin - Porto NovoSun 12:00 Noon5103 km3171 miles2756 nmWest-southwest WSW
Iceland - ReykjavikSun 11:00 AM5112 km3177 miles2760 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Gabon - LibrevilleSun 12:00 Noon5137 km3192 miles2774 nmSouthwest SW
Sri Lanka - Sri Jayawardenapura KotteSun 4:30 PM5152 km3202 miles2782 nmEast-southeast ESE
Congo - BrazzavilleSun 12:00 Noon5233 km3251 miles2825 nmSouthwest SW
Congo Dem.Rep. - KinshasaSun 12:00 Noon5237 km3254 miles2828 nmSouthwest SW
Togo - LomeSun 11:00 AM5240 km3256 miles2829 nmWest-southwest WSW
Sao Tome and Principe - São ToméSun 11:00 AM5322 km3307 miles2874 nmSouthwest SW
Comoros - MoroniSun 2:00 PM5341 km3319 miles2884 nmSouth S
Ghana - AccraSun 11:00 AM5397 km3353 miles2914 nmWest-southwest WSW
Mongolia - UlaanbaatarSun 7:00 PM5433 km3376 miles2934 nmNortheast NE
Myanmar - YangonSun 5:30 PM5845 km3632 miles3156 nmEast E
Zimbabwe - HarareSun 1:00 PM6100 km3790 miles3293 nmSouth-southwest SSW
Madagascar - AntananarivoSun 2:00 PM6175 km3837 miles3334 nmSouth S
Thailand - BangkokSun 6:00 PM6420 km3989 miles3466 nmEast E
China - Beijing Municipality - BeijingSun 7:00 PM6429 km3995 miles3472 nmEast-northeast ENE
Vietnam - HanoiSun 6:00 PM6463 km4016 miles3490 nmEast E
South Africa - JohannesburgSun 1:00 PM7068 km4392 miles3816 nmSouth-southwest SSW
Hong Kong - Hong KongSun 7:00 PM7132 km4431 miles3851 nmEast E
China - Shanghai Municipality - ShanghaiSun 7:00 PM7265 km4514 miles3923 nmEast-northeast ENE
South Korea - SeoulSun 8:00 PM7371 km4580 miles3980 nmEast-northeast ENE
Singapore - SingaporeSun 7:00 PM7545 km4688 miles4074 nmEast-southeast ESE
Taiwan - TaipeiSun 7:00 PM7615 km4732 miles4112 nmEast-northeast ENE
Philippines - ManilaSun 7:00 PM8198 km5094 miles4426 nmEast E
Indonesia - Jakarta Special Capital Region - JakartaSun 6:00 PM8324 km5172 miles4495 nmEast-southeast ESE
Japan - TokyoSun 8:00 PM8446 km5248 miles4560 nmNortheast NE
Canada - Quebec - MontrealSun 6:00 AM8797 km5466 miles4750 nmNorthwest NW
U.S.A. - New York - New YorkSun 6:00 AM9180 km5704 miles4957 nmNorthwest NW
Canada - Ontario - TorontoSun 6:00 AM9272 km5761 miles5007 nmNorthwest NW
U.S.A. - District of Columbia - Washington DCSun 6:00 AM9506 km5907 miles5133 nmNorthwest NW
U.S.A. - Michigan - DetroitSun 6:00 AM9583 km5955 miles5175 nmNorthwest NW
U.S.A. - California - Los AngelesSun 3:00 AM11,897 km7392 miles6424 nmNorth-northwest NNW
Mexico - Federal District - Mexico CitySun 5:00 AM12,523 km7781 miles6762 nmNorthwest NW
Argentina - Buenos AiresSun 8:00 AM12,921 km8029 miles6977 nmWest-southwest WSW
Australia - Victoria - Melbourne *Sun 10:00 PM13,488 km8381 miles7283 nmEast-southeast ESE

* = Adjusted for DST or summer time (1 place).

Sun = Sunday, January 25, 2015 (237 places).

km = how many kilometers from Al-Hasakah
miles = how many miles from Al-Hasakah
nm = how many nautical miles from Al-Hasakah

All numbers are air distances – as the crow flies/great circle distance.

UTC (GMT/Zulu)-time: Sunday, January 25, 2015 at 11:00:00

UTC is Coordinated Universal Time, GMT is Greenwich Mean Time.


Advertising

More information

Related links

Related time zone tools