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Queen's Birthday in Australia

Until her passing in 2022, Australians celebrated Queen Elizabeth II's official birthday each year. It has now been replaced by the King's Birthday, which is dedicated King Charles III.

Is Queen's Birthday a Public Holiday?

Queen's Birthday is not a public holiday in 2023. Schools and most businesses are open.

An Australian Football League game is traditionally played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground between the Collingwood Magpies and the Melbourne Demons on the Queen's Birthday in Australia.

©iStockphoto.com/Chris Ingham

Celebrate the Queen's Birthday

Many Australians have a day off work on the Queen's Birthday (the King's Birthday from 2023 onward). For many, it is a chance to do something with their family or to visit a sporting event. Some people take advantage of the three-day weekend to make trips to visit friends or relatives.

Some well-known sporting events are held on the second Monday of June. These include an Australian Football League game played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground between the Collingwood Magpies and the Melbourne Demons. It is also traditionally seen as the opening weekend of the snow season in Australia, although it is often not possible to really ski for another few weeks.

Traditionally, many public fireworks displays were organized on the Queen's Birthday. However, these have been overshadowed by the New Year's Eve displays in recent years. People in many communities can only buy and set off fireworks on the Saturday, Sunday, and Monday of the Queen's Birthday weekend in the Australian Capital Territory. This is illegal at all other times of the year.

Public Life

The holiday is observed on the second Monday of June in most of Australia. Schools, post offices, and other organizations are closed in most parts of Australia, except Western Australia, on this date. Stores that are open may have restricted opening hours. There may be some congestion on roads as many people use the long weekend to make trips. Public transport services may be reduced or not run at all.

The day is a holiday in Western Australia at a different date to that observed by other parts of the country. The governor in Western Australia proclaims the holiday's date for this state. There are no fast rules about when it will fall but it is often on the last Monday of September or the first Monday of October. Western Australian schools, post offices, as well as many organizations, are closed when Western Australia celebrates the Queen's Birthday. Stores that are open may have restricted opening hours in the state. There may be some congestion on roads as many people use the long weekend to make trips. Public transport services may be reduced or not run at all.

About the Queen's Birthday

Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the official head of state is the Monarch of the Realms. This is currently King Charles, who succeeded Queen Elizabeth II. She was also the head of state of many other countries and territories, including Great Britain, Northern Ireland, Canada and New Zealand. She was born on April 21, 1926, although her official birthday has been celebrated on a range of dates in the different countries of the Commonwealth of Nations.

The Monarch's Birthday was first celebrated in Australia in 1788. In that year, King George III was the Monarch and Governor Arthur Phillip declared a holiday to mark his birthday. Originally, the Monarch's birthday was celebrated on the anniversary of the actual date of birth of the King or Queen. However, after the death of King George V in 1936, the date remained close to his birthday, which was June 3.

On the second Monday in June, the Queen's Birthday honors list is released. This contains the names of the new members of the Order of Australia and other honors issued by the Australian government or the Queen. These are generally for exceptional service to Australians, Australia or humanity as a whole.

About Queen's Birthday in Other Countries

Read more about Queen's Birthday.

Queen's Birthday Observances

Queen's Birthday in Australia has not been observed since 2022.

YearWeekdayDateNameHoliday TypeArea
2018MonJun 11Queen's BirthdayState HolidayAll except Christmas Island, Qld, WA
2018MonSep 24Queen's BirthdayState HolidayWestern Australia
2018MonOct 1Queen's BirthdayState HolidayQueensland
2019MonJun 10Queen's BirthdayState HolidayAll except Christmas Island, Qld, WA
2019MonSep 30Queen's BirthdayState HolidayWestern Australia
2019MonOct 7Queen's BirthdayState HolidayQueensland
2020MonJun 8Queen's BirthdayState HolidayAll except Christmas Island, Qld, WA
2020MonSep 28Queen's BirthdayState HolidayWestern Australia
2020MonOct 5Queen's BirthdayState HolidayQueensland
2021SunJun 6Queen's BirthdayState HolidayCocos and Keeling Islands
2021MonJun 7Queen's Birthday observedState HolidayCocos and Keeling Islands
2021MonJun 14Queen's BirthdayState HolidayAll except Christmas Island, Qld, WA
2021MonSep 27Queen's BirthdayState HolidayWestern Australia
2021MonOct 4Queen's BirthdayState HolidayQueensland
2022MonJun 13Queen's BirthdayState HolidayAll except Christmas Island, Qld, WA
2022MonOct 3Queen's BirthdayState HolidayQueensland

While we diligently research and update our holiday dates, some of the information in the table above may be preliminary. If you find an error, please let us know.