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Mar
14
Fun Holiday – PI Day

March 14 is Pi Day, a day to celebrate the mathematical constant pi (π) and to eat lots of pie.

The number pi on a blackboard.
Pi Day celebrates the mathematical constant π (3.14).
Pi Day celebrates the mathematical constant π (3.14).
©iStockphoto.com/marekuliasz

Celebrated in countries that follow the month/day (m/dd) date format, because the digits in the date, March 14 or 3/14, are the first three digits of π (3.14), Pi Day was founded by Physicist Larry Shaw in 1988.

Pi Approximation Day

Because everyone should be able to enjoy a fun mathematical holiday, people in countries that follow the day/month (dd/m) date format honor pi on Pi Approximation Day. The date of Pi Approximation Day - July 22 - when written in the day/month format or 22/7 corresponds to the fraction (22/7) that pi is usually depicted as.

There are many other days during the year, when one can honor pi. Some of these are:

  • March 4: The day marks the passing of 14% of the 3rd month of the year.
  • April 5: By this day 3.14 months of the year have passed.
  • November 10: The 314th day of the year (November 9 in leap years).

An Irrational Number

One of the oldest and the most recognizable mathematical constant in the world, Pi (π) is the ratio of any circle’s circumference to its diameter. Its value is approximately equal to 3.14159265. It is an irrational number, which means it cannot be expressed as a ratio of whole numbers, and its decimal representation never ends or repeats.

In recent years, mathematicians have called for replacing pi by tau (τ) as a way to describe the relationship between a circle’s circumference and its radius. In order to spread the word about the advantages of tau over pi, mathematicians around the world celebrate Tau Day on June 28.

Other Mathematical Dates

The Gregorian Calendar is full of dates that when written in a special manner represent a mathematical or scientific concept. Some of these include: Yellow Pig Day, Mole Day, Fibonacci Day, Palindrome Day and e-Day. Use our Date Pattern Calculator to find out other interesting calendar dates during the year.

How to Celebrate?

  • Pi is a homophone of pie - the two words are pronounced similarly, but are spelled differently and mean different things. But that shouldn't stop you from having pie on Pi Day. In fact, eating pie may be a requirement for anyone celebrating Pi Day.
  • Have a pie baking contest. Ask participants to bake pi shaped pies. Combine it with a pie eating competition.
  • Have a pi recitation contest. Anyone who can recite the most digits of the constant gets to take home a pie.
  • Embrace your geekness. Wear a t-shirt that has the numbers of pi on it or sport some pi shaped accessories. Earrings perhaps?
  • Eat foods that start with a pi, like pineapples and pizza or foods that are circular in shape like pancakes and cookies.
  • Watch the 1998 Darren Aronofsky movie, Pi.
  • Attend a Pi Day event at your local school, university or museum and learn more about the importance of pi in our daily lives.

Did You Know

...that pi is represented by the lower case Greek letter, π, because it is the first letter of the Greek work περίμετρος, meaning perimeter?

PI Day Observances

Fun Holiday: PI Day Observances
YearWeekdayDateName
2015SatMar 14PI Day
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2017TueMar 14PI Day
2018WedMar 14PI Day
2019ThuMar 14PI Day
2020SatMar 14PI Day
2021SunMar 14PI Day
2022MonMar 14PI Day
2023TueMar 14PI Day
2024ThuMar 14PI Day

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