Muharram/Ashura in India
Muharram (or Muharrum) is a gazetted holiday in India, marking the start of the Islamic year. It is a day off for many workers in India.
What Do People Do?
Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. Some Muslims fast during daylight hours on the ninth and 10th or 10th and 11th days of the month. They may also attend special prayer meetings in mosques or private homes.
Not all Muslim groups observe this occasion in the same manner. Some Muslims regard Muharram as the month of mourning, commemorating the Battle of Karbala. Muharram is primarily an Islamic holiday but people of other religions may also take part in or observe the Muharram activities in India.
The tenth day of Muharram is a gazetted holiday in India so government offices, post offices and banks are closed on the day. Islamic stores, businesses and other organizations may be closed or have reduced opening hours. Those wishing to use public transport on the day may need to contact the local transport authorities to check on timetables.
Large prayer meetings, parades and marches may cause local disruption to traffic. This is particularly true of areas of India with a predominantly Muslim population.
Both Sunni and Shia Muslims observe the 10th day of Muharram in India and worldwide. Many Shia Muslims observe Muharram as a month of mourning. The 10th of Muharram marks the date when carnage took place at Kerbala and when Imman Hussain died in 680 CE. Imman Hussain was the Prophet Muhammed's grandson. Many Muslims believe that he died on the ninth, 10th or 11th day of the month of Muharram. It is also believed that God created Adam and Eve on the 10th of Muharram, which was also when an Egyptian pharaoh and his soldiers drowned in the Red Sea later in time.
Muharram/Ashura ObservancesNote: During a gazetted holiday, government offices and most businesses are closed so people have a day off work.
Holiday currently only shown for years 2005–2017.
|Fri||Dec 17||2010||Muharram/Ashura||Gazetted Holiday|
|Tue||Dec 6||2011||Muharram/Ashura||Gazetted Holiday|
|Sun||Nov 25||2012||Muharram/Ashura||Gazetted Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 14||2013||Muharram/Ashura||Gazetted Holiday|
|Tue||Nov 4||2014||Muharram/Ashura||Gazetted Holiday|
|Sat||Oct 24||2015||Muharram/Ashura||Gazetted Holiday|
|Wed||Oct 12||2016||Muharram/Ashura||Gazetted Holiday|
|Sun||Oct 1||2017||Muharram/Ashura||Gazetted Holiday|
Quick FactsMuharram, or the Islamic New Year, is a public holiday in India.
Muharram/Ashura 2016Wednesday, October 12, 2016
Muharram/Ashura 2017Sunday, October 1, 2017
Name in other languages
Other holidays in October 2016 in India
- Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti – Sunday, October 2, 2016
- Dussehra (Maha Navami) – Tuesday, October 11, 2016
- National Day of Mourning King Bhumibol Adulyadej – Friday, October 14, 2016
- Maharishi Valmiki Jayanti – Sunday, October 16, 2016
- Karaka Chaturthi (Karva Chauth) – Wednesday, October 19, 2016
- Naraka Chaturdasi – Saturday, October 29, 2016
- Diwali/Deepavali – Sunday, October 30, 2016
- Halloween – Monday, October 31, 2016