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The Day of Valor in Philippines

Quick Facts

Araw ng Kagitingan, also known as the Day of Valor, annually falls on or around April 9 in the Philippines.

Local names

NameLanguage
Araw ng KagitinganFilipino
The Day of ValorEnglish
Tag der TapferkeitGerman

The Day of Valor 2014

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

The Day of Valor 2015

Thursday, April 9, 2015
Note: Employees covered by the Holiday Pay Rule are entitled to their daily basic wage for any unworked regular holiday.
List of dates for other years

Araw ng Kagitingan, also known as the Day of Valor, marks the greatness of Filipino fighters during World War II. It is marked on or around April 9 in the Philippines each year.

World War II tank

Pictured above is a Japanese World War II tank in the Philippines. Araw ng Kagitingan, also known as the Day of Valor, remembers important events that occurred in the Philippines during World War II.

©iStockphoto.com/joeygil

What do people do?

Araw ng Kagitingan is a non-working holiday that is part of a long weekend in the Philippines. World War II veterans parade in different cities in the Philippines on this day. There are small parades in different localities in the Philippines but the Araw ng Kagitingan’s main highlight occurs when the country’s president gives a speech at the Mt Samat shrine, in the Bataan province, to commemorate the heroism of the Filipinos and American troops during the World War II.

Public Life

Araw ng Kagitingan is a regular holiday in the Philippines and occurs on or around April 9. Many streets are closed and public transport routes may be redirected to give way for parades. Malls and other leisure areas remain open and most people may go to these places and use this day as a family day.

Background

The Day of Valor, also known as Araw ng Kagitingan, commemorates the heroism of Filipinos and American Soldiers when the Japanese occupied the Philippines during World War II. Major General Edward P. King, of the United States Army, was forced to surrender more than 76,000 Filipinos, Chinese and American soldiers to the Japanese at dawn on April 9, 1942. The soldiers were forced to take a 90-mile (about 145 kilometers) hike to Camp O’Donnell in San Fernando. Thousands of prisoners died during the hike (also known as the Bataan Death March) due to starvation, dehydration and diseases before they could reach the camp.

Despite the trials of defeat, the captured soldiers stood strong and heroes emerged from the event. The surrender of Bataan hastened the fall of Corregidor. However, without this stand, the Japanese might have quickly overrun all of the US bases in the Pacific. Bataan forced them to slow down, giving the allies valuable time to prepare for conflicts such as the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Battle of Midway, which followed closely thereafter. American and Filipino liberation forces eventually retook the Bataan peninsula on February 8, 1945.

The Day of Valor was a national observance until a Letter of Instruction No. 1087, dated on November 26, 1980, made “Araw ng Kagitingan” a national public holiday to honor the people who helped bring democracy and freedom in the Philippines during the World War II era. Executive Order No. 203, dated on June 30, 1987, further proclaimed April 9 as “Araw Ng Kagitingan” to pay tribute to the heroes of Bataan, Corregidor and Bessang.

The Day of Valor Observances

Note: Employees covered by the Holiday Pay Rule are entitled to their daily basic wage for any unworked regular holiday.
WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday type
MonApr 91990The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
TueApr 91991The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
ThuApr 91992The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
FriApr 91993The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
SatApr 91994The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
SunApr 91995The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
TueApr 91996The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
WedApr 91997The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
ThuApr 91998The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
FriApr 91999The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
SunApr 92000The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
MonApr 92001The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
TueApr 92002The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
WedApr 92003The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
FriApr 92004The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
SatApr 92005The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
SunApr 92006The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
MonApr 92007The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
WedApr 92008The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
ThuApr 92009The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
FriApr 92010The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
SatApr 92011The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
MonApr 92012The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
TueApr 92013The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
WedApr 92014The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
ThuApr 92015The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
SatApr 92016The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
SunApr 92017The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
MonApr 92018The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
TueApr 92019The Day of ValorRegular Holiday
ThuApr 92020The Day of ValorRegular Holiday

Other holidays in April 2014 in Philippines

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