Earth Day

Earth Day is a name used for 2 similar global observances. While some people celebrate Earth Day around the time of the March Equinox, others observe the occasion on April 22 each year. Earth Day aims to inspire awareness of and appreciation for earth's environment. It's not to be confused with Earth Hour.

Earth Day
People unite on Earth Day to appreciate and respect earth's environment.
People unite on Earth Day to appreciate and respect earth's environment.

What Do People Do

The April 22 Earth Day is usually celebrated with outdoor performances, where individuals or groups perform acts of service to earth. Typical ways of observing Earth Day include planting trees, picking up roadside trash, conducting various programs for recycling and conservation, using recyclable containers for snacks and lunches. Some people are encouraged to sign petitions to governments, calling for stronger or immediate action to stop global warming and to reverse environmental destruction.  Television stations frequently air programs dealing with environmental issues.

Public Life

Earth Day is not a public holiday and public life, with regard to transport schedules and opening hours for schools and businesses, is not affected.


The April 22 Earth Day, founded by Senator Gaylord Nelson, was first organized in 1970 to promote ecology and respect for life on the planet as well as to encourage awareness of the growing problems of air, water and soil pollution.

Some people prefer to observe Earth Day around the time of the March equinox. In 1978, American anthropologist Margaret Mead added her support for the equinox Earth Day, founded by John McConnell. She stated that the selection of the March Equinox for Earth Day made planetary observance of a shared event possible.


Symbols used by people to describe Earth Day include: an image or drawing of planet earth; a tree, a flower or leaves depicting growth; or the recycling symbol. Colors used for Earth Day include natural colors such as green, brown or blue.

The “Earth Flag”, which was designed by John McConnell, has been described as a “flag for all people”. It features a two-sided dye printed image of the Earth from space on a dark blue field, made from recyclable, weather-resistant polyester. Margaret Mead believed that a flag that showed the Earth as seen from space was appropriate.

Earth Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday TypeWhere It is Observed
ThuApr 222010Earth DayWorldwide observance 
FriApr 222011Earth DayWorldwide observance 
SunApr 222012Earth DayWorldwide observance 
MonApr 222013Earth DayWorldwide observance 
TueApr 222014Earth DayWorldwide observance 
WedApr 222015Earth DayWorldwide observance 
FriApr 222016Earth DayWorldwide observance 
SatApr 222017Earth DayWorldwide observance 
SunApr 222018Earth DayWorldwide observance 
MonApr 222019Earth DayWorldwide observance 
WedApr 222020Earth DayWorldwide observance 

Quick Facts

Earth Day promotes environmental awareness and calls for the protection of our planet.

Earth Day 2016

Friday, April 22, 2016

Earth Day 2017

Saturday, April 22, 2017


Name in other languages

Earth DayEnglish
Día de la TierraSpanish
יום כדור הארץHebrew
يوم الأرضArabic
지구의 날Korean
Jordas dagNorwegian
Tag der ErdeGerman

Alternative name

Internasjonal Moder Jord-dag

List of dates for other years

Fun Holiday on April 22, 2016

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