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Victory Day in Russia

Quick Facts

One of the biggest Russian holidays, Victory Day, marks Germany’s surrender to the Soviet Union in 1945, ending one of the bloodiest wars in Russia’s history.

Local names

NameLanguage
День ПобедыRussian
Victory DayEnglish
Tag des SiegesGerman

Victory Day 2014

Friday, May 9, 2014

Victory Day 2015

Saturday, May 9, 2015
Monday, May 11, 2015 – Observed date
List of dates for other years

Many Russians celebrate Victory Day on May 9. On this day, TV networks broadcast World War II-inspired films, younger generations honor veterans, and the festivities culminate in a military parade at Moscow’s Red Square.

9 may ,Victory Day in Russia (focus point on hand)

A war veteran takes part in Victory Day.

©iStockphoto.com/Kuzma

What do people do?

Many people attend a local military parade and watch the fireworks at night on Victory Day. The biggest parade is in Moscow’s Red Square, showcasing Russia’s military forces. Most veterans wear their medals as they head to the parade or an event organized by a local veteran organization.

Another tradition is to give flowers, usually red carnations, to veterans in the street and to lay wreaths at the war memorial sites. Neighborhood schools may host a program prepared by the students, featuring wartime songs and poetry.

At home, families gather around a festive table to honor surviving witnesses of World War II and remember those who passed away. They may also watch a favorite Soviet film based on the events of World War II, which is also known as the Great Patriotic War. These films are repeated each year but the audience seems to never grow tired of them.

Public Life

Victory Day is a national holiday in Russia. Public offices, schools and most businesses are closed for the celebrations. There may be changes in public transport routes due to parades and street performances.

Background

Victory Day marks Germany’s surrender to the Soviet Union in 1945. It became the end of the Great Patriotic War for the USSR, which lost about 25 million citizens in the four years of fighting. Interestingly, until its 20th anniversary (May 9, 1965), Victory Day was not a major holiday, unlike, for instance, May 1, and was considered a work day. Apart from the anniversaries in 1965 and 1985, Victory Day celebrations in the Soviet Union did not feature a military parade. This tradition started in 1995.

Update: In October 2012, Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree that would extend the Victory Day Celebrations from Thursday, May 9, 2013 to Sunday, May 12, 2013.

Symbols

Common symbols of Victory Day in Russia are:

The St George ribbon, red carnations and the Red Star medal are seen on Victory Day.

Victory Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday type
SunMay 91993Victory DayNational holiday
MonMay 101993Victory Day observedNational holiday
MonMay 91994Victory DayNational holiday
TueMay 91995Victory DayNational holiday
ThuMay 91996Victory DayNational holiday
FriMay 91997Victory DayNational holiday
SatMay 91998Victory DayNational holiday
MonMay 111998Victory Day observedNational holiday
SunMay 91999Victory DayNational holiday
MonMay 101999Victory Day observedNational holiday
TueMay 92000Victory DayNational holiday
WedMay 92001Victory DayNational holiday
ThuMay 92002Victory DayNational holiday
FriMay 92003Victory DayNational holiday
SunMay 92004Victory DayNational holiday
MonMay 102004Victory Day observedNational holiday
MonMay 92005Victory DayNational holiday
TueMay 92006Victory DayNational holiday
WedMay 92007Victory DayNational holiday
FriMay 92008Victory DayNational holiday
SatMay 92009Victory DayNational holiday
MonMay 112009Victory Day observedNational holiday
SunMay 92010Victory DayNational holiday
MonMay 102010Victory Day observedNational holiday
MonMay 92011Victory DayNational holiday
WedMay 92012Victory DayNational holiday
ThuMay 92013Victory DayNational holiday
FriMay 92014Victory DayNational holiday
SatMay 92015Victory DayNational holiday
MonMay 112015Victory Day observedNational holiday
MonMay 92016Victory DayNational holiday
TueMay 92017Victory DayNational holiday
WedMay 92018Victory DayNational holiday
ThuMay 92019Victory DayNational holiday
SatMay 92020Victory DayNational holiday
MonMay 112020Victory Day observedNational holiday

Other holidays in May 2014 in Russia

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