Events to Look Forward to in Leap Year 2016
During the leap year 2016, there will be a US Presidential Election and Rio de Janeiro will host the Olympic and Paralympic Summer Games.
US Presidential Election
The United States presidential election is on Tuesday, November 8, 2016, and is the 58th election for the president of the United States.
The Democratic party's presidential candidate is Hillary Clinton, the first female presidential candidate in history. The Republican party's presidential candidate is Donald Trump.
Held every four years, the US presidential election involves extensive campaigns and media attention. In 2008, President Barack Obama was elected as the first African-American president in United States history.
The first presidential election in the United States was held in 1789, when one of the nation’s “founding fathers”, George Washingto,n was voted as the unions first president.
The 2016 Olympic Summer Games were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in July, 2016. A torch relay, which plays a symbolic and crucial role in celebrating the Olympic Games, marks the opening of the event.
More than 11,000 athletes from 207 countries competed for medals in a wide range of sports, including athletics, aquatics, archery, boxing, gymnastics, judo, tennis, volleyball, and weight lifting.
Modern Olympics history
In 1894, Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee. Two years later, the first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens, Greece. The revival of the ancient Olympics attracted athletes from 14 nations, with delegations from countries including Germany and France.
Rio also hosts the Paralympic Summer Games, from September 7 to 18, 2016. The Paralympics are elite sports events for athletes from 6 different disability groups. Athletes include those with mobility disabilities, visual disabilities, cerebral palsy and amputees.
This event focuses on the athletes’ achievements rather than their disabilities. Paralympic sports include archery, athletics, swimming, table tennis, and volleyball. The Paralympic Games are always held in the same year as the Olympic Games. In 2012, it was decided that the city chosen to host the Olympic Games must also host the Paralympics.
In 1948 German-born neurologist Sir Ludwig Guttmann organized a sports competition involving World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries in England. An international movement was born as a result of Guttmann’s efforts. In 1960 athletes with a disability travelled to Rome to compete in Olympic-style games, which are now known as the Paralympics.