Yom Kippur in Australia
Quick FactsYom Kippur is an important Jewish holiday that falls on the 10th day of the month of Tishrei in the Jewish calendar.
|Jom Kippur (Versöhnungstag)||German|
Yom Kippur 2014Saturday, October 4, 2014
Yom Kippur 2015Wednesday, September 23, 2015
Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
List of dates for other years
Yom Kippur is a Jewish holiday known as the Day of Atonement. Many Jewish people in Australia spend the day fasting and praying. Its theme centers on atonement and repentance. Yom Kippur is on the 10th day of the month of Tishrei (or Tishri) in the Jewish calendar.
What do people do?
Many Jewish Australians believe that God seals their fate for the coming year on Yom Kippur. Yom Kippur involves fasting, praying and reflection. Some people perform the Kaparot (or Kaparoth) ritual before Yom Kippur. It is a form of atonement and is made using chickens or money. Many Jewish people spend time in the synagogue on this sacred holiday. The fasting lasts for 25 hours and begins on the evening before Yom Kippur. It ends after nightfall on Yom Kippur. Some restrictions can be lifted when a threat of health or life is involved.
Many Jewish communities recite Birkath Hallebanah (the blessing for the moon) prior to Yom Kippur and not after the fast. There are various reasons for this: one of them being the tendency of some congregations to rush it in order to get home. Moreover, Birkath Hallebanah is usually recited after one has tasted some food. Other activities include avoiding perfume, not washing and not wearing leather shoes. Some Jewish Australians may take time off work during this time of the year, as the general restrictions on work, as described for the Sabbath, apply on Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur is not a federal public holiday in Australia. However, many Jewish businesses, organizations and schools may be closed on this holiday and the streets around synagogues may be busy.
Yom Kippur is often considered the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. Yom Kippur’s origins lie in a ritual purification of the Temple in Jerusalem from any accidental ritual impurities that had occurred in the past year. The Kohen Gadol (high priest) entered the Holy of Holies at the center of the temple on Yom Kippur. It was important that he was spiritually and physically as pure as possible.
Many rituals were carried out to ensure that the Kohen Gadol was pure and that he did not carry any ritual impurities into the Holy of Holies. Yom Kippur became a more somber holiday after the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed. The Torah calls the day Yom HaKippurim and Leviticus 23:27 decrees a strict prohibition of work and affliction of the soul upon the 10th day of the seventh month, known as Tishrei.
It is customary to wear white on Yom Kippur, which symbolizes purity and calls to mind the promise that one’s sins should be wiped away. Some people of Jewish faith also believe that humans are compared to angels on this day. It is customary to not wear gold jewelry as gold serves as a reminder of sins associated with the golden calf, a story passed down among the Jewish community.
Many Jewish men wear a kittel or sargenes and a tallit on Yom Kippur. A kittel is a simple white robe that is also used as a shroud and is worn by bridegrooms in some Jewish communities. A tallit (tallis, taleysm) is a prayer shawl with tzitzis strings tied through each of the four corners.
About Yom Kippur in other countriesRead more about Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur ObservancesNote: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
|Weekday||Date||Year||Name||Holiday type||Where it is observed|
|Sat||Sep 29||1990||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Sep 18||1991||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Oct 7||1992||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Sep 25||1993||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Thu||Sep 15||1994||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Oct 4||1995||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Sep 23||1996||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Oct 11||1997||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Sep 30||1998||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Sep 20||1999||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Oct 9||2000||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Thu||Sep 27||2001||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Sep 16||2002||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Oct 6||2003||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Sep 25||2004||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Thu||Oct 13||2005||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Oct 2||2006||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Sep 22||2007||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Thu||Oct 9||2008||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Sep 28||2009||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Sep 18||2010||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Oct 8||2011||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Sep 26||2012||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Sep 14||2013||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Oct 4||2014||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Sep 23||2015||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Oct 12||2016||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Sep 30||2017||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Sep 19||2018||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Oct 9||2019||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Sep 28||2020||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
- Rosh Hashana ―Thursday, September 25, 2014
Other holidays in October 2014 in Australia
- Feast of St Francis of Assisi ―Saturday, October 4, 2014
- Eid-al-Adha ―Sunday, October 5, 2014
- Daylight Saving Time starts ―Sunday, October 5, 2014
- Labour Day ―Monday, October 6, 2014
- First day of Sukkot ―Thursday, October 9, 2014
- Last day of Sukkot ―Wednesday, October 15, 2014
- Shmini Atzeret ―Thursday, October 16, 2014
- Simchat Torah ―Friday, October 17, 2014
- Diwali/Deepavali ―Thursday, October 23, 2014
- Muharram/Islamic New Year ―Saturday, October 25, 2014
- Halloween ―Friday, October 31, 2014
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