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Armistice Day in France

Quick Facts

Armistice Day marks the anniversary of the end of World War I. It is a public holiday in France.

Local names

NameLanguage
L'ArmisticeFrench
Armistice DayEnglish
L'ArmisticeGerman

Armistice Day 2014

Tuesday, November 11, 2014

Armistice Day 2015

Wednesday, November 11, 2015
List of dates for other years

Armistice Day (Armistice de la Première Guerre mondiale) in France remembers those who died or were injured in World War I and other wars. It is generally a solemn occasion.

The Arc de Triomphe

An unidentified solider was buried in the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe (pictured above) in 1920.

©iStockphoto.com/FRANCO DI MEO

What do people do?

Special church services are held to remember those who died in World War I and subsequent wars. Military parades to war memorials and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Paris are also organized. Public figures, including France's president, lay wreaths and flowers at war memorials. Many people wear black or dark clothes. Armistice Day generally has a solemn mood.

Public life

Armistice Day is a public holiday in France so post offices, banks, stores and many businesses are closed. Restaurants and cafes outside tourist areas may also be closed. However, bakeries and some stores in Paris, as well as at airports and railway stations and along major highways, are open.

Public transport service schedules vary depending on where one lives and intends to travel. Roads may be closed for parades. This is particularly likely in the center of towns, cities and near war memorials.

Background

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Bosnian-Serb nationalist on June 28, 1914. This sparked the activation of a series of alliances. Major European powers were at war within weeks. Many European countries had global empires so the hostilities spread throughout the world and became known as World War I. More than 15 million people died as a result of the World War I hostilities.

Marshal Ferdinand Foch (Allies) and Matthias Erzberger (Germany) met in a railway carriage in Compiègne Forest, near the town of Compiègne in the Picardy region of France, in November 1918. The representatives signed an armistice treaty in the early hours of November 11, 1918, to end the World War I hostilities on the Western Front. World War I officially ended at 11 minutes past the 11th hour on November 11, 1918, because of the treaty. A law was approved on October 24, 1922, to make November 11 a public holiday in France.

Symbols

The French national flag, or tricolor, plays an important role in Armistice Day observances. It is one-and-a-half times as wide as it is tall and consists of three equal vertical bands colored blue, white and red. It is often displayed at half mast or on flag poles held diagonally by military service men and women.

The body of an unidentified solider from the citadel of Verdun was buried in the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris on November 11, 1920. This soldier serves as a symbol of all those who died in World War I. An eternal flame was lit on this tomb three years later and still burns today.

Armistice Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday type
SunNov 111990Armistice DayNational holiday
MonNov 111991Armistice DayNational holiday
WedNov 111992Armistice DayNational holiday
ThuNov 111993Armistice DayNational holiday
FriNov 111994Armistice DayNational holiday
SatNov 111995Armistice DayNational holiday
MonNov 111996Armistice DayNational holiday
TueNov 111997Armistice DayNational holiday
WedNov 111998Armistice DayNational holiday
ThuNov 111999Armistice DayNational holiday
SatNov 112000Armistice DayNational holiday
SunNov 112001Armistice DayNational holiday
MonNov 112002Armistice DayNational holiday
TueNov 112003Armistice DayNational holiday
ThuNov 112004Armistice DayNational holiday
FriNov 112005Armistice DayNational holiday
SatNov 112006Armistice DayNational holiday
SunNov 112007Armistice DayNational holiday
TueNov 112008Armistice DayNational holiday
WedNov 112009Armistice DayNational holiday
ThuNov 112010Armistice DayNational holiday
FriNov 112011Armistice DayNational holiday
SunNov 112012Armistice DayNational holiday
MonNov 112013Armistice DayNational holiday
TueNov 112014Armistice DayNational holiday
WedNov 112015Armistice DayNational holiday
FriNov 112016Armistice DayNational holiday
SatNov 112017Armistice DayNational holiday
SunNov 112018Armistice DayNational holiday
MonNov 112019Armistice DayNational holiday
WedNov 112020Armistice DayNational holiday

Other holidays in November 2014 in France

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