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Day of Catalonia in Spain

Quick Facts

The Day of Catalonia commemorates the end of the siege of Barcelona in 1714. It is a local public holiday in Barcelona, Spain, on September 11.

Local names

NameLanguage
Día Nacional de CataluñaSpanish
Day of CataloniaEnglish
Katalonien-TagGerman

Day of Catalonia 2014

Thursday, September 11, 2014

Day of Catalonia 2015

Friday, September 11, 2015
List of dates for other years

The Day of Catalonia (Festa Nacional de Catalunya or La Diada), also known as the National Day of Catalonia, marks the anniversary of the Bourbon forces' recapture of Barcelona, which occurred on September 11, 1714.

This historical event marked the end of the siege of Barcelona in the War of the Spanish Succession. A public holiday is annually designated for this historic event in Barcelona, on September 11.

Rendering of a waving flag of Catalunya (Catalonia) with accurate colors and design and a fabric texture.

Rendering of a waving flag of Catalonia.

©iStockphoto.com/Matt Trommer

What do people do?

Many events are held in Barcelona on the Day of Catalonia. These include:

Many people, businesses and organizations also wave and display Catalan flags on this day.

Public life

Many businesses and other organizations are closed for the Day of Catalonia in Catalonia, but not in other parts of Spain. Many stores are also closed but some bakers and food stores may be open. Public transport services generally run to a reduced schedule but there may be no service in rural areas. Demonstrations and parades may cause some disruption to local traffic, particularly in Barcelona.

If the Day of Catalonia falls on a Sunday, regional or local authorities may move the public holiday to a different date. If September 11 falls on a Tuesday or Thursday, many businesses and organizations are also closed on Monday, September 10, or Friday, September 12.

Background

The Catalonians were defeated in the Siege of Barcelona on September 11, 1714. This was part of the War of the Spanish Succession between 1701 and 1714. This marked the start of a period of French (Bourbon) rule in the area that is now the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia.

Catalonia shares international borders with France and Andorra. It also borders the Spanish autonomous communities of Aragon and Valencia . The Autonomous Government of Catalonia (Generalitat de Catalunya) was restored to power on December 31, 1979. Its first Act was to proclaim September 11 as the Day of Catalonia. The day was to be marked as a special day that represented the painful memories of the loss of liberties that occurred in 1714, the attitude of resistance to oppression, and the hope of recovery. The National Day of Catalonia was an official public holiday for the first time on September 11, 1980.

Symbols

Catalonia's flag is the Senyera. It consists of nine horizontal stripes. Five of these are yellow and four are red. The Senyera is also a symbol of the Crown of Aragon.

Day of Catalonia Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
TueSep 111990Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
WedSep 111991Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
FriSep 111992Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
SatSep 111993Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
SunSep 111994Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
MonSep 111995Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
WedSep 111996Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
ThuSep 111997Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
FriSep 111998Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
SatSep 111999Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
MonSep 112000Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
TueSep 112001Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
WedSep 112002Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
ThuSep 112003Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
SatSep 112004Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
SunSep 112005Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
MonSep 112006Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
TueSep 112007Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
ThuSep 112008Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
FriSep 112009Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
SatSep 112010Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
SunSep 112011Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
TueSep 112012Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
WedSep 112013Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
ThuSep 112014Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
FriSep 112015Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
SunSep 112016Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
MonSep 112017Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
TueSep 112018Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
WedSep 112019Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia
FriSep 112020Day of CataloniaLocal holidayCatalonia

Other holidays in September 2014 in Spain

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