Groundhog Day in Canada
Many Canadians take the time to observe Groundhog Day on February 2 each year, which is also Candlemas. Groundhog Day in Canada focuses on the concept of a groundhog coming out of its home in mid-winter to “predict” if spring is on its way in the northern hemisphere.
What do people do?
2011 Update:Ontario's Wiarton Wille and Nova Scotia's Shubenacadie Sam did not see their shadows in 2011. It is predicted to be an early spring.
Many Canadians celebrate Groundhog Day by attending festivals, engaging in activities and reading or listening to news about groundhog appearances on February 2. Some Christian churches celebrate Candlemas on this day. Other people mark Groundhog Day as the date to take down their Christmas decorations.
Groundhog Day has attracted media attention over the years and its popularity continues to grow in Canada. A festival is held in the town of Wiarton in Bruce County, Ontario, to honor Groundhog Day. The town has its own groundhog, Wiarton Willie, which it shares with the nation. Locals, fans and news reporters come out to “hear Willie’s prediction” early in the morning on February 2 each year. Other events at the festival include dances, contests, parades and pancake breakfasts.
Groundhog Day is not a public holiday in Canada. However areas around parks and some streets may be busy or congested in towns, such as Wiarton, where Groundhog Day events are popular.
Thousands of years ago when animalism and nature worship were prevalent, people in the area of Europe now known as Germany believed that the badger had the power to predict the coming of spring. They watched the badger to know when to plant their crops.
This tradition was brought over to North America, predominantly in Pennsylvania in the United States, where it was the groundhog, not the badger, which makes these “predictions”. According to folklore, if the groundhog will sees its shadow on February 2 it will return to its burrow, indicating that there will be six more weeks of winter. If it does not see its shadow, then spring is on the way.
The Groundhog Day concept became popular in Canada in 1956 when Wiarton Willie became a household name for his early February “weather predictions”. Wiarton’s Groundhog Day festival grew as Willie’s fame increased. It became one of the largest winter festivals in Bruce County, Canada.
There are also other groundhogs in different parts of Canada. For example, Schubenacadie Sam is reportedly the first groundhog in the country to stick its head out on Groundhog Day. Other groundhogs include: Gary the Groundhog in Ontario, Brandon Bob in Manitoba and Balzac Billy in Alberta.
The groundhog, also known as the woodchuck or marmot, is believed to make weather predictions relating to winter and spring according to superstition. Canada’s groundhog Wiarton Willie was popular enough to have its own statue in Wiarton, Ontario.
Movies, advertisements, cartoons and other media have portrayed the legendary role of the groundhog in popular culture. The term “Groundhog Day” is a phrase that is sometimes used to express if the same events or actions occur repetitively for a period of time.
Note: Please note that references to seasonal changes in this article relate to seasons in the northern hemisphere.
About Groundhog Day in other countriesRead more about Groundhog Day.
Groundhog Day Observances
|Weekday||Date||Year||Name||Holiday type||Where it is observed|
|Tue||Feb 2||2010||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Wed||Feb 2||2011||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Thu||Feb 2||2012||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Sat||Feb 2||2013||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Sun||Feb 2||2014||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Mon||Feb 2||2015||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Tue||Feb 2||2016||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Thu||Feb 2||2017||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Fri||Feb 2||2018||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Sat||Feb 2||2019||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Sun||Feb 2||2020||Groundhog Day||Observance|
Quick FactsGroundhog Day is celebrated in Canada on February 2 each year.
Groundhog Day 2015Monday, February 2, 2015
Groundhog Day 2016Tuesday, February 2, 2016
Name in other languages
|Jour de la Marmotte||French|
Alternative nameFeast of Presentation of the Lord
Other holidays in February 2016 in Canada
- Family Day – Monday, February 8, 2016
- Carnival/Shrove Tuesday – Tuesday, February 9, 2016
- Ash Wednesday – Wednesday, February 10, 2016
- Valentine's Day – Sunday, February 14, 2016
- National Flag of Canada Day – Monday, February 15, 2016
- Yukon Heritage Day – Friday, February 26, 2016