Christmas Eve in Poland
Many people in Poland celebrate Christmas Eve (Wigilia) on December 24. It precedes Christmas Day, December 25, which is a national public holiday to commemorate Jesus Christ’s birth.
What do people do?
Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, and Boxing Day (or St Stephen’s Day) are important days that are celebrated in many Polish homes. Christmas preparations begin days before December 25. Houses and apartments are cleaned and adorned with decorations, including a Christmas tree. Traditionally, Christmas trees are decorated with candles or lights, ornaments made of glass or eggshells, and wrapped treats on December 24.
Special dinners consisting of traditional Polish dishes are prepared and eaten on Christmas Eve. Dishes include beetroot soup (barszcz), dumplings stuffed with mushrooms (uszka), a cabbage dish, as well as cakes, fruit, and pastries. It is not unusual for some hosts to prepare for an extra seat for an unexpected guest. It is also customary to break and give the Christmas wafer (oplatek), which is made of flour and water, to guests. Many people attend a special church mass at midnight between December 24 and 25.
Christmas Eve is not an official public holiday but it is a busy time of the year for many commercial shops and businesses. It is also a busy on the road and for many transport services as many people travel home to be with their families for Christmas.
Many Christians in Poland and around the world start celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ on Christmas Eve. It is also known as the Vigil of Christmas and is perceived as the culmination of the Advent season. Christmas Eve is the day before Christmas Day and is associated with celebrating Jesus Christ’s birth, although his actual birth date has been disputed among many scholars.
There are a number of traditional superstitious beliefs about the Christmas period. For example, it is believed that sheaves of wheat and rye, hay or straw under tables will bring good crops or fortune. This practice is also a reminder of the modest environment in which Jesus was born in. It is also said that animals could talk at a certain moment during Christmas Eve.
About Christmas Eve in other countriesRead more about Christmas Eve.
Christmas Eve Observances
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Quick FactsChristmas Eve is celebrated as a festive occasion in Poland on December 24.
Christmas Eve 2015Thursday, December 24, 2015
Christmas Eve 2016Saturday, December 24, 2016
Name in other languages
|Wigilia Bożego Narodzenia||Polish|
Other holidays in December 2015 in Poland
- Christmas Day – Friday, December 25, 2015
- Second Day of Christmas – Saturday, December 26, 2015
- New Year's Eve – Thursday, December 31, 2015