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17th of Tammuz in Israel

The Fast of Shiva Asar B'Tammuz is held on the 17th day of Tammuz, which is the fourth month of the Hebrew calendar. It observes five calamities that affected the Jewish people. These are: (1) Moses broke the tablets of stone and (2) an idol known as “the Golden Calf” was erected in 1313 BCE; (3) the daily sacrificial offerings were discontinued in 423 BCE; (4) Jerusalem’s walls were breached in 69 BCE; and (5) the Roman military leader Apostomus burned a Torah scroll possibly around 50 CE just before the Bar Kokhba revolt.

Is 17th of Tammuz a Public Holiday?

17th of Tammuz is not a public holiday. Businesses have normal opening hours.

Fast of Shiva Asar B'Tammuz in Israel

Moses broke the stone tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments. This event is one of the five calamities observed on the 17th of Tammuz.

©iStockphoto.com/ ZU_09

What Do People Do?

Many Jewish people fast from dawn until nightfall by abstaining from food and drinks. However, people who are ill or weak, children and pregnant or nursing mothers may not fast completely but only eat simple food. In addition, special prayers are recited and sections of the Torah and Haftarah (Haftorah, Haptara) are read during the morning and evening services. In contrast to some fast days, Jewish people may be permitted to wear leather and wash themselves on the 17th of Tammuz.

Public Life

The Fast of Shiva Asar B'Tammuz, also known as the 17th (or Seventeenth) of Tammuz, is not a public holiday in Israel.

Background

The 17th day of Tammuz is a day of mourning for Jewish people. It marks the anniversary of five calamities. On this day in the year 1313 BCE, Moses broke the tablets of stone that were inscribed with the Ten Commandments and the idol of “the Golden Calf” was erected.

On this date in the year 423 BCE, the daily sacrificial offerings were discontinued in the run up to the destruction of the first temple. In the year 69 BCE Jerusalem’s walls were breached, which resulted in the destruction of the second temple. Finally, the Roman military leader Apostomus burned a Torah scroll, possibly around 50 CE. This may have contributed to the Bar Kokhba revolt, the last war between the Romans and the Jews between 132 and 135 CE.

The 17th of Tammuz marks the start of the “Three Weeks” (Bein HaMetzarim), which is a period of mourning marking the destruction of both the First Temple and the Second Temple in Jerusalem. During the “Three Weeks”, it is customary to spend extra time studying Jewish law, to give extra charity and not to hold joyous celebrations, such as weddings, or wear new clothes.

17th of Tammuz Observances

YearWeekdayDateNameHoliday Type
2015SunJul 517th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2016SunJul 2417th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2017TueJul 1117th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2018SunJul 117th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2019SunJul 2117th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2020ThuJul 917th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2021SunJun 2717th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2022SunJul 1717th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2023ThuJul 617th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2024TueJul 2317th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew
2025SunJul 1317th of TammuzObservance, Hebrew

We diligently research and continuously update our holiday dates and information. If you find a mistake, please let us know.

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