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Liberation Day in Italy

Liberation Day is a national holiday in Italy that is annually celebrated on April 25. It marks the fall of Mussolini's Italian Social Republic and the end of the Nazi occupation in Italy in 1945, towards the end of the second World War.

Is Liberation Day a Public Holiday?

Liberation Day is a public holiday. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed.

Italian flag in Rome, Italy
The Italian flag, seen in many towns and cities throughout Italy on Liberation Day.
©iStockphoto.com/ROMAOSLO

What Do People Do?

Liberation Day (Festa della Liberazione) remembers Italians who fought against the Nazis and Mussolini’s troops during World War II. The day honors those who served in the Italian Resistance. Marching bands, music concerts, food festivals, political rallies, and other public gatherings take place in many places in Italy.

Public Life

Liberation Day is a nationwide public holiday in Italy. Organizations and businesses that are closed include:

  • Government offices.
  • Post offices.
  • Banks.
  • Schools and other educational institutions.

Transport options, such as taxis, rail services between major cities and major long-route bus lines, are available but travelers are advised to check first with local transport authorities.

Background

On April 25, 1945, the Allied troops liberated Italy from the Nazi occupation and Benito Mussolini’s rule. Mussolini was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party from 1922 to 1943. He then led the Italian Social Republic in parts of Italy that were not occupied by Allied forces from 1943 to 1945.

Symbols

The Italian flag is usually seen in parades to celebrate Liberation Day. The song ‘Bella Ciao’ is also played often around this time of the year, as it was sung by the Italian resistance during World War II.

Liberation Day Observances

YearWeekdayDateNameHoliday Type
2010SunApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2011MonApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2012WedApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2013ThuApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2014FriApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2015SatApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2016MonApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2017TueApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2018WedApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2019ThuApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday
2020SatApr 25Liberation DayNational holiday

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