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Mothering Sunday in United Kingdom

Quick Facts

Mothering Sunday, or Mother's Day, is traditionally a day to visit your mother church. It is now an occasion to bring gifts to your own mother.

Name

Mothering Sunday

Mothering Sunday 2014

Sunday, March 30, 2014

Mothering Sunday 2015

Sunday, March 15, 2015
List of dates for other years

Mothering Sunday, sometimes known as Mother's Day, is held on the fourth Sunday of Lent. It is exactly three weeks before Easter Sunday and usually falls in the second half of March or the beginning of April.

Traditionally, people visited the church where they were baptized. Mothering Sunday is now a celebration of motherhood. People visit and take gifts to their mothers and grandmothers.

Children and mother playing with letters

Mothers are remembered on Mothering Sunday in the UK.

©iStockphoto.com/matka_Wariatka

What do people do?

Mother's Day, or Mothering Sunday, is now a day to honor mothers and other mother figures, such as grandmothers, stepmothers and mothers-in-law. Many people make a special effort to visit their mother. They take cards and gifts to her and may treat her to brunch, lunch or high tea in a cafe, restaurant or hotel. People who cannot visit their mother usually send gifts or cards to her.

An important part of Mothering Sunday is giving cards and gifts. Common Mother's Day gifts are cakes, flowers, chocolates, jewelry, and luxurious clothing. Some people do not give a physical gift, but choose to treat their mother or grandmother to a special meal, beauty treatment or fun outing.

Specially decorated Mother's Day cakes are available in many stores. In the days and weeks before Mothering Sunday, many schools, Sunday schools and children's organizations help their pupils to prepare a handmade card or gift for their mother.

Public life

Mothering Sunday is not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. Public transport services run to their usual Sunday timetables. Cafes, restaurants and hotels may be fully booked a long time ahead, as many people treat their mother to a special meal on Mothering Sunday. Those wishing to eat in a restaurant on Mother's Day may need to reserve a table in advance.

Background

Mothering Sunday was originally a time when people returned to the church, in which they were baptized or where they attended services when they were children. This meant that families were reunited as adults returned to the towns and villages where they grew up. In time, it became customary for young people who were working as servants in large houses, to be given a holiday on Mothering Sunday. They could use this day to visit their own mother and often took a gift of food or hand-me-down clothing from their employers to her. In turn, this moved towards the modern holiday, on which people still visit and take gifts to their mothers.

Traditionally, people observed a fast during Lent. Lent is the period from Ash Wednesday until Good Friday. During the Lent fast, people did not eat from sweet, rich foods or meat. However, the fast was lifted slightly on Mothering Sunday and many people prepared a Simnel cake to eat with their family on this day.

A Simnel cake is a light fruit cake covered with a layer of marzipan and with a layer of marzipan baked into the middle of the cake. Traditionally, Simnel cakes are decorated with 11 or 12 balls of marzipan, representing the 11 disciples and, sometimes, Jesus Christ. One legend says that the cake was named after Lambert Simnel who worked in the kitchens of Henry VII of England sometime around the year 1500.

About Mothering Sunday in other countries

Read more about Mothering Sunday.

Mothering Sunday Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday typeWhere it is observed
SunMar 251990Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 101991Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 291992Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 211993Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 131994Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 261995Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 171996Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 91997Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 221998Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 141999Mothering SundayObservance 
SunApr 22000Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 252001Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 102002Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 302003Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 212004Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 62005Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 262006Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 182007Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 22008Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 222009Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 142010Mothering SundayObservance 
SunApr 32011Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 182012Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 102013Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 302014Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 152015Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 62016Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 262017Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 112018Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 312019Mothering SundayObservance 
SunMar 222020Mothering SundayObservance 

Other holidays in March 2014 in United Kingdom

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