How to use the Seasons Calculator
- Open the Seasons Calculator and enter a location into the search field near the top of the page.
- Use the drop-down menu above the table to select a different year range.
The Seasons Calculator shows when spring, summer, fall (autumn), and winter begins around the world.
The table shows the exact moments of the two equinoxes and the two solstices that happen every year. These mark the beginning of the seasons around the world according to the astronomical definition:
According to the meteorological definition, the seasons start on the first day of the month with the equinox or solstice: March 1, June 1, September 1, and December 1.
The table shows the exact moments of the equinoxes and solstices, which mark the beginning of the seasons, down to the minute.
The moments of the equinoxes and solstices are defined solely by the Earth's position in relation to the Sun, so they happen at the same time everywhere on Earth. However, since we use time zones, the local time for each season varies from one location to the next.
Yes, all times are automatically adjusted for DST clock changes in the location you enter.
They didn't. Astronomically, both equinoxes and solstices happened around the same time of the year as today. However, the world was still using a different calendar system back then: the Julian calendar. So while the seasons occurred at about the same time as today, the date numbers changed when today's Gregorian calendar was introduced, causing a number of days to be skipped.
The Seasons Calculator takes this into account, showing dates based on the Julian calendar for years when that calendar system was still in use.
For years between 1700 and 2149, the accuracy of the times calculated should be within 1 minute of the real time. For years before 1700, accuracy will be less as we calculate back in time.
When you type the location into the search field and it suggests several places by the same name, first have a look at the country flag and the description in parentheses to identify the city you are looking for. If it is still unclear, click on one of the locations and check the geographical position on the map or click on the Time/General tab and check the longitude/latitude information shown near the top of the page.
You will find an explanation of the seasons here.
We are a small team with a very extensive website to manage, so unfortunately, we do not have the capacity to share detailed information about our algorithms or provide programming help.
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