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Constitution Day in Poland

Many people in Poland celebrate Constitution Day (Święto Konstytucji 3 Maja or Święto Narodowe Trzeciego Maja), which commemorates the enactment of the Polish Constitution that came into effect on May 3, 1791.

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier - one of the landmarks in Warsaw, Poland
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Warsaw - it is a popular place to visit in Poland on Constitution Day.

What Do People Do?

Constitution Day is part of a holiday season known as Majówka, which also includes the May 1/Labor Day holiday. It is celebrated with military parades, spring concerts and family picnics. Many people also gather at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Grób Nieznanego Żołnierza) at the Piłsudski Square in Warsaw. The monument is dedicated to unknown soldiers who gave their lives for Poland.

Public Life

Constitution Day is an official public holiday in Poland, so schools, banks, government offices and most private businesses are closed. There is a trade prohibition on public holidays in Poland. People intending to travel via public transport during public holidays must check with the public transit authorities on any changes to time schedules.


On May 3, 1791, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth’s constitution was adopted. It was the first constitution in modern Europe and second in the world, following the American one. It was a significant achievement of the Polish Enlightenment thinkers.

May 3 was established as a holiday only days after the constitution was passed by the Grand Sejm (Polish Parliament). It was later suspended for many years due to the country’s partitioning, but was reinstituted after Poland regained its freedom in 1918. After World War II, in 1946, the communist authorities banned the holiday’s public celebration. The holiday was officially cancelled in 1951. Since 1990 the May 3 holiday has again been celebrated as an official statutory holiday in Poland.

Constitution Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday Type
MonMay 32010Constitution DayNational holiday
TueMay 32011Constitution DayNational holiday
ThuMay 32012Constitution DayNational holiday
FriMay 32013Constitution DayNational holiday
SatMay 32014Constitution DayNational holiday
SunMay 32015Constitution DayNational holiday
TueMay 32016Constitution DayNational holiday
WedMay 32017Constitution DayNational holiday
ThuMay 32018Constitution DayNational holiday
FriMay 32019Constitution DayNational holiday
SunMay 32020Constitution DayNational holiday

Quick Facts

Constitution Day is an annual public holiday in Poland on May 3.

Constitution Day 2017

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Constitution Day 2018

Thursday, May 3, 2018


Name in other languages

Święto Konstytucji Trzeciego MajaPolish
Constitution DayEnglish
Tag der VerfassungGerman

Alternative name

17. mai

List of dates for other years

Related holiday

Other holidays in May 2017 in Poland

United Nation Holiday on May 3, 2017

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