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Orthodox Christmas Day in Ukraine

Many Ukrainians have a day off on Christmas Day, which celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. It is an annual public holiday across Ukraine and falls on January 7, the Orthodox Christmas date.

Is Orthodox Christmas Day a Public Holiday?

Orthodox Christmas Day is a public holiday. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed.

Stain glass representation of the virgin Mary and baby Jesus
Christmas Day celebrates the day Jesus Christ, pictured above, was born.
Christmas Day celebrates the day Jesus Christ, pictured above, was born.
©iStockphoto.com/RedletterW

What Do People Do?

The period from January 7-14 is a festive week, in which it is customary for some people to dress up, visit homes, sing Christmas songs (e.g. Kolyadka), and wish each other blessings. A Ukrainian Christmas dinner may often include dishes such as:

  • Kutia (sweet grain pudding).
  • Borshch (beet soup).
  • Vushka (small dumplings with mushroom).
  • Varenyky (dumplings with cabbage and potatoes).
  • Holubtsi (stuffed cabbage roll). 

Other Christmas activities include puppet shows of the Nativity, holiday concerts, and Christmas fairs.

Public Life

Christmas Day is a public holiday across Ukraine, so many businesses, schools, universities and public offices are closed.

Background

Christmas for many Ukrainians is an important family holiday. When Ukraine was part of the former Soviet Union, Christmas Day was not a public holiday but Christmas traditions were not forgotten. After Ukraine gained its independence in 1991, Christmas Day was made a public holiday. Many Ukrainian Christmas traditions are based on pre-Christian Pagan customs.

Many Orthodox Christian churches in Ukraine observe the Christmas Day date from the Julian calendar, which is different from the more commonly used Gregorian calendar. So, while Christmas is still on December 25 in the Julian calendar, it appears on January 7 in the Gregorian calendar, up until 2100. After that, the Gregorian date for Orthodox Christmas will be January 8 in 2101.

Symbols

Christmas meals that have a symbolic meaning include:

  • Kolach (Christmas bread), which is braided into a ring, with 3 rings placed on top of another to symbolize the Christian concept of the Holy Trinity of father, son and holy spirit.
  • Didukh, a sheaf of wheat stalks or mixed grain stalks placed under icons in a home. It symbolizes family ancestors.

Some families celebrate Christmas with a 12-course dinner, with each course representing one of Jesus Christ’s apostles. According to the pre-Christian Pagan tradition, each course of meal represented a full moon that took place during the year.

About Orthodox Christmas Day in other countries

Read more about Orthodox Christmas Day.

Orthodox Christmas Day Observances

Holiday currently only shown for years 2010–2020.

YearWeekdayDateNameHoliday Type
2010ThuJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2011FriJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2012SatJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2012MonJan 9Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2013MonJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2014TueJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2015WedJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2016ThuJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2017SatJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2017MonJan 9Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2018SunJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2019MonJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
2020TueJan 7Orthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox

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