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World Soil Day

World Soil Day is annually held on December 5 to highlight soil's importance on Earth. We need soil for basic survival - food and energy. It is linked with the United Nations' (UN) Year of Soil.

Soil is vital for farming and food security.

©iStockphoto.com/adrian beesley

Deforestation and Bad Farming

Soil is made up of organic remains, clay and rock particles, found on the Earth’s surface. It contributes to food, reduces biodiversity loss, and secures energy. Problems like deforestation, bad agricultural practices and pollution causes soil degradation and erosion.

The UN saw a need to raise awareness about the dangers of soil loss, so it made World Soil Day and official day. It was first celebrated on December 5, 2012, which corresponded with the birthday of Thai king Bhumibol Adulyadej, who officially sanctioned the event.

What to Do?

Thousands of soil scientists and organizations, like the International Union of Soil Sciences, promote the day via social media, YouTube videos, and local events to talk about issues such as soil erosion and preserving soil.

What's Open or Closed?

World Soil Day is a global observance and not a public holiday so it's business as usual.

World Soil Day Observances

YearWeekdayDateNameHoliday Type
2015SatDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2016MonDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2017TueDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2018WedDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2019ThuDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2020SatDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2021SunDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2022MonDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2023TueDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2024ThuDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance
2025FriDec 5World Soil DayUnited Nations observance

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