National holiday in Romania
Romania’s National Day (Ziua Națională), or Great Union Day (Ziua Marii Uniri), is an annual public holiday on December 1 to celebrate the unification of Romanian provinces. Romania also has Constitution Day, Flag Day and Anthem Day.
What Do People Do?
Romania celebrates its national day, also called 1918 Union Day, with military parades and public speeches given by national leaders in cities such as Bucharest and in Alba Iulia (the “union city”). Many people in Romania have the day off work and school.
National Day is a public holiday in Romania so banks, public offices, and many private businesses are closed. People intending to travel via public transport during public holidays must check with the public transit authorities on any changes to time schedules. Some parts of Bucharest, and possibly other major cities, may be closed off during certain times of the day for military parades.
Romania’s National Day marks the country’s unification in 1918. Romania’s full independence had been recognized in 1878 but it was not until December 1, 1918 in the city of Alba Iulia, when Romania – made of Moldova and Wallachia at the time – was united with Transylvania, Crisana, Banat and the Maramures area. National Day has been celebrated in Romania since 1990, after the fall of the Romanian Communist Party.
The Romanian flag is flown on National Day in Romania. The national flag is a tricolor blue, yellow, red, with colors arranged in vertical bands of equal size. It has a width-length ratio of 2:3. The 3 colors symbolize 3 Romanian provinces – Wallachia (yellow), Moldavia (red), and Transylvania (blue). The national anthem “Deşteaptă-te, române!” (Awaken thee, Romanian!) is also performed. The anthem is a symbol of unity, courage, and patriotism among Romanians.
National holiday Observances
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Quick FactsNational Day in Romania, also called Unification Day, is an annual public holiday to remember when the country’s provinces became united on December 1, 1918.
National holiday 2018Saturday, December 1, 2018
National holiday 2019Sunday, December 1, 2019
Name in other languages
Other holidays in December 2018 in Romania
- Constitution Day – Saturday, December 8, 2018
- Christmas Eve – Monday, December 24, 2018
- Christmas Day – Tuesday, December 25, 2018
- Second day of Christmas – Wednesday, December 26, 2018
- New Year's Eve – Monday, December 31, 2018