Home   Calendar   Holidays   Romania   National holiday

National holiday in Romania

Romania’s National Day (Ziua Națională), or Great Union Day (Ziua Marii Uniri), is an annual public holiday on December 1 to celebrate the unification of Romanian provinces. Romania also has Constitution Day, Flag Day and Anthem Day.

A row of Romanian flags are flown on days like National Day (Ziua Națională).
A row of Romanian flags are flown on days like National Day (Ziua Națională).

What Do People Do?

Romania celebrates its national day, also called 1918 Union Day, with military parades and public speeches given by national leaders in cities such as Bucharest and in Alba Iulia (the “union city”). Many people in Romania have the day off work and school.

Public Life

National Day is a public holiday in Romania so banks, public offices, and many private businesses are closed. People intending to travel via public transport during public holidays must check with the public transit authorities on any changes to time schedules. Some parts of Bucharest, and possibly other major cities, may be closed off during certain times of the day for military parades.


Romania’s National Day marks the country’s unification in 1918. Romania’s full independence had been recognized in 1878 but it was not until December 1, 1918 in the city of Alba Iulia, when Romania – made of Moldova and Wallachia at the time – was united with Transylvania, Crisana, Banat and the Maramures area. National Day has been celebrated in Romania since 1990, after the fall of the Romanian Communist Party.


The Romanian flag is flown on National Day in Romania. The national flag is a tricolor blue, yellow, red, with colors arranged in vertical bands of equal size. It has a width-length ratio of 2:3. The 3 colors symbolize 3 Romanian provinces – Wallachia (yellow), Moldavia (red), and Transylvania (blue). The national anthem “Deşteaptă-te, române!” (Awaken thee, Romanian!) is also performed. The anthem is a symbol of unity, courage, and patriotism among Romanians.

National holiday Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday Type
WedDec 12010National holidayNational holiday
ThuDec 12011National holidayNational holiday
SatDec 12012National holidayNational holiday
SunDec 12013National holidayNational holiday
MonDec 12014National holidayNational holiday
TueDec 12015National holidayNational holiday
ThuDec 12016National holidayNational holiday
FriDec 12017National holidayNational holiday
SatDec 12018National holidayNational holiday
SunDec 12019National holidayNational holiday
TueDec 12020National holidayNational holiday

Quick Facts

National Day in Romania, also called Unification Day, is an annual public holiday to remember when the country’s provinces became united on December 1, 1918.

National holiday 2018

Saturday, December 1, 2018

National holiday 2019

Sunday, December 1, 2019


Name in other languages

Ziua naţionalăRomanian
National holidayEnglish

List of dates for other years

Other holidays in December 2018 in Romania

United Nation Holiday on December 1, 2018

Fun Holiday on December 1, 2018

You might also like

The Hindu deity Rahu.

Solar Eclipse Myths

The solar eclipse has inspired many mythical stories and influenced human behavior. Even today, eclipses of the Sun are considered bad omens in many cultures. more

Watching Lunar Eclipses

A lunar eclipse can be seen with the naked eye, unlike solar eclipses, which have special safety requirements. more

December Solstice Facts

10 things you may not know about the December Solstice, the shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. more