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Tisha B'Av in the United Kingdom

Tisha B'Av, also spelled Tisha BeAv, is traditionally the saddest day of the year for Jewish people.

Model of the Second Temple in Jerusalem
On Tisha B'Av, Jewish people commemorate tragic events that have happened on that day in the past, such as the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE.

Tisha B'Av in the Jewish Calendar

Tisha B'Av falls on the 9th day of Av, the fifth month of the Jewish calendar. The date falls in July or August in the Gregorian calendar. When Tisha B’Av occurs on a Shabbat (Saturday), it is deferred to Sunday, 10th of Av.

Is Tisha B'Av a Public Holiday?

No, Tisha B'Av is not a public holiday in the United Kingdom. However, some Jewish organizations may be closed or have restricted opening hours.

How Is Tisha B'Av Marked in the UK?

Jewish people around the world, including in the United Kingdom, are expected to adhere to a number of prohibitions on Tisha B'Av. These may include:

  • Fasting
  • No washing, bathing, shaving, or wearing cosmetics
  • No laughing, smiling, or idle conversation
  • No wearing of leather shoes
  • No sitting on comfortable chairs
  • Avoiding certain types of work
  • Abstaining from sexual activities

Tisha B'Av History

Tisha B'Av, the Ninth of Av, is the date of a number of momentous tragedies that have struck the Jewish people through the centuries—most prominently, the destruction of the First and Second Temples of Jerusalem.

Who Observes Tisha B'Av in the UK?

The United Kingdom is estimated to have the 5th largest Jewish population in the world, with just under 300,000 people practicing the Jewish faith in the country.

By far the largest British Jewish community is found in London, followed by those in Manchester and Leeds.

History of Jews in the UK

Jewish settlement in England can be traced as far back as the time of the Norman Conquest in 1066. The Jewish community outnumbered the Spanish and Portuguese communities in England by the 18th century.

Many Jewish families in Eastern Europe moved to England to escape persecution and hardship between 1881 and 1914. About 150,000 Jewish people settled in England, with large numbers staying at London's East End during that time. England continued to receive Jewish immigrants escaping persecution around the time of World War II (1939-1945).

About Tisha B'Av in other countries

Read more about Tisha B'Av.

Tisha B'Av Observances

Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.

YearWeekdayDateNameHoliday TypeArea
2010TueJul 20Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2011TueAug 9Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2012SunJul 29Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2013TueJul 16Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2014TueAug 5Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2015SunJul 26Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2016SunAug 14Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2017TueAug 1Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2018SunJul 22Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2019SunAug 11Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 
2020ThuJul 30Tisha B'AvJewish holiday 

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