Thanksgiving Day in the United States
Thanksgiving Day in the United States is a holiday on the fourth Thursday of November. It precedes Black Friday.
What Do People Do?
Thanksgiving Day is traditionally a day for families and friends to get together for a special meal. The meal often includes a turkey, stuffing, potatoes, cranberry sauce, gravy, pumpkin pie, and vegetables. Thanksgiving Day is a time for many people to give thanks for what they have.
Thanksgiving Day parades are held in some cities and towns on or around Thanksgiving Day. Some parades or festivities also mark the opening of the Christmas shopping season. Some people have a four-day weekend so it is a popular time for trips and to visit family and friends.
Most government offices, businesses, schools and other organizations are closed on Thanksgiving Day. Many offices and businesses allow staff to have a four-day weekend so these offices and businesses are also closed on the Friday after Thanksgiving Day. Public transit systems do not usually operate on their regular timetables.
Thanksgiving Day it is one of the busiest periods for travel in the USA. This can cause congestion and overcrowding. Seasonal parades and busy football games can cause disruption to local traffic.
Thanksgiving Day has been an annual holiday in the United States since 1863. Not everyone sees Thanksgiving Day as a cause for celebration. Each year since 1970, a group of Native Americans and their supporters have staged a protest for a National Day of Mourning at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts on Thanksgiving Day. American Indian Heritage Day is also observed at this time of the year.
There are claims that the first Thanksgiving Day was held in the city of El Paso, Texas in 1598. Another early event was held in 1619 in the Virginia Colony. Many people trace the origins of the modern Thanksgiving Day to the harvest celebration that the Pilgrims held in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621. However, their first true thanksgiving was in 1623, when they gave thanks for rain that ended a drought. These early thanksgivings took the form of a special church service, rather than a feast.
In the second half of the 1600s, thanksgivings after the harvest became more common and started to become annual events. However, it was celebrated on different days in different communities and in some places there were more than one thanksgiving each year. George Washington, the first president of the United States, proclaimed the first national Thanksgiving Day in 1789.
Thanksgiving Day Observances
|Weekday||Date||Year||Name||Holiday Type||Where It is Observed|
|Thu||Nov 25||2010||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 24||2011||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 22||2012||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 28||2013||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 27||2014||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 26||2015||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 24||2016||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 23||2017||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 22||2018||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 28||2019||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
|Thu||Nov 26||2020||Thanksgiving Day||Federal Holiday|
Quick FactsThanksgiving Day in the United States is traditionally a holiday to give thanks for the food collected at the end of the harvest season.
Thanksgiving Day 2018Thursday, November 22, 2018
Thanksgiving Day 2019Thursday, November 28, 2019
Name in other languages
|Día de Acción de Gracias||Spanish|
- American Indian Heritage Day – Friday, November 23, 2018
- Cyber Monday – Monday, November 26, 2018
- Black Friday – Friday, November 23, 2018
Other holidays in November 2018 in the United States
- All Saints' Day – Thursday, November 1, 2018
- All Souls' Day – Friday, November 2, 2018
- New York City Marathon – Sunday, November 4, 2018
- Election Day – Tuesday, November 6, 2018
- Return Day Delaware – Thursday, November 8, 2018
- Marine Corps Birthday – Saturday, November 10, 2018
- Veterans Day – Sunday, November 11, 2018
- Veterans Day observed – Monday, November 12, 2018
- The Prophet's Birthday – Wednesday, November 21, 2018
- State Holiday – Friday, November 23, 2018
- Cyber Monday – Monday, November 26, 2018