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On This Day in History, December 28

What Happened On This Day – December 28

  • 2007 Nepal abolishes monarchy

    The amendment to the Nepalese constitution that declared the country a federal republic was passed by the parliament. The transition was completed on May 28, 2008. Established in 1768 by Prithvi Narayan Shah, the Kingdom of Nepal lasted for over 200 years. Nepal is the world's only country with Hinduism as the state religion.

  • 1972 Kim il Sung becomes first president of North Korea

    Kim Il-sung became the first and only president of South Korea under an amended constitution. He was elected to the post by the members of the North Korean parliament, which is also known as the Supreme People's Assembly. The post was abolished in 1998, and Kim II-sung was given the title of Eternal President of Korea.

  • 1968 Israel raid on Beirut Airport

    The Israeli Defence Forces mounted a special operation, also known as Operation Gift, on Beirut Airport. The raid was in retaliation to the attack on El Al Flight 253, which was en route from Tel Aviv to New York. During its layover in Athens, Greece, two Palestinians fired at passengers and crew and killed 1 person. In retaliation, Israel destroyed several passenger and cargo planes parked at Beirut Airport. There were no fatalities during the raid.

  • 1885 Indian National Congress founded

    The party is one of the two main political parties in India. Created by the members of the Theosophical Society, the party was a major player in India's independence movement against the British. After Independence, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru belonged to the INC.

  • 1836 South Australia becomes a British colony

    The central southern state of Australia was first established as a province in 1834 by the British Parliament under the South Australia Act. The day was observed as Proclamation Day in the state, which was later turned into an extra holiday after Christmas Day.

Births On This Day – December 28

  • 1962 Michel Petrucciani

    French/American pianist

  • 1934 Maggie Smith

    English actress

  • 1903 John von Neumann

    Hungarian/American mathematician

  • 1903 Earl Hines

    American pianist

  • 1856 Woodrow Wilson

    American politician, 28th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate

Deaths On This Day – December 28

  • 2015 Lemmy

    English singer-songwriter, bass player, actor

  • 2004 Susan Sontag

    American author

  • 1984 Sam Peckinpah

    American director, screenwriter

  • 1959 Ante Pavelić

    Croatian politician

  • 1937 Maurice Ravel

    French composer

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