Elizabeth Peratrovich Day in the United States
Every year on February 16, Alaskans honor Elizabeth Wanamaker Peratrovich (1911—1958) "for her courageous, unceasing efforts to eliminate discrimination and bring about equal rights in Alaska" (Alaska Statutes 44.12.065).
What Do People Do?
For many, Elizabeth Peratrovich is the face of Alaska Native civil rights. She was one of the main driving forces to ensure the passing of the territory's Anti-Discrimination Act of 1945, which was the first anti-discrimination law in the United States.
On February 16, Alaskans honor her memory with gatherings and some visit the gravesite where she is buried alongside her husband, Roy Peratrovich.
Peratrovich has awards, monuments, and buildings named in her honor, including the Elizabeth Peratrovich Award, the Peratrovich Gallery in the Alaska House of Representatives, and a theater in Ketchikan's Southeast Alaska Discovery Center is also named after her. A park in downtown Anchorage is named for her and her husband.
Elizabeth Peratrovich Day is a local observance in Alaska where some offices, institutions, and shops may be closed.
Elizabeth Peratrovich was born on July 4, 1911 in Petersburg, Alaska. She was an Alaska Native of the Lukaax̱.ádi clan of the Tlingit nation (also spelled Tlinkit), an indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America. While she was still very young, she was adopted by Andrew and Mary Wanamaker, a Tlingit couple, and named Elizabeth Wanamaker.
In 1931, she married Roy Peratrovich (1908–1989), and together they spent their lives fighting for civil rights and against widespread discrimination against Alaska Natives.
In her testimony before the territorial Senate voted on the Anti-Discrimination Act, she famously responded to derogatory comments made by a senator: “I would not have expected that I, who am barely out of savagery, would have to remind gentlemen with 5,000 years of recorded civilization behind them, of our Bill of Rights.”
Peratrovich’s effort and testimony are considered to have been decisive in ensuring that the law passed, nearly 20 years before the US Congress established the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
On February 6, 1988, the Alaska Legislature established February 16 as Elizabeth Peratrovich Day. February 16 was chosen as it was the day the Anti-Discrimination Act was signed in 1945.
Elizabeth Peratrovich Day Observances
|Weekday||Date||Year||Name||Holiday Type||Where It is Observed|
|Tue||Feb 16||2010||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Wed||Feb 16||2011||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Thu||Feb 16||2012||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Sat||Feb 16||2013||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Sun||Feb 16||2014||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Mon||Feb 16||2015||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Tue||Feb 16||2016||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Thu||Feb 16||2017||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Fri||Feb 16||2018||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Sat||Feb 16||2019||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
|Sun||Feb 16||2020||Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||Local observance||Alaska|
Quick FactsElizabeth Peratrovich was one of the main driving forces behind the territory's Anti-Discrimination Act of 1945.
Elizabeth Peratrovich Day 2018Friday, February 16, 2018 (local in Alaska)
Elizabeth Peratrovich Day 2019Saturday, February 16, 2019 (local in Alaska)
Name in other languages
|Elizabeth Peratrovich Day||English|
|Elizabeth Peratrovich Dag||Norwegian|
|Elizabeth Peratrovich Tag||German|
Other holidays in February 2019 in the United States
- National Freedom Day – Friday, February 1, 2019
- Groundhog Day – Saturday, February 2, 2019
- Super Bowl – Sunday, February 3, 2019
- Rosa Parks Day – Monday, February 4, 2019
- Chinese New Year – Tuesday, February 5, 2019
- Lincoln's Birthday – Tuesday, February 12, 2019
- Valentine's Day – Thursday, February 14, 2019
- Susan B Anthony's Birthday – Friday, February 15, 2019
- Presidents' Day – Monday, February 18, 2019
- Linus Pauling Day – Thursday, February 28, 2019